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Census of the Philippines: 1939

  • Lloyd S. Millegan (a1)

The first census of the Philippines during the period of American occupation was taken on March 2,1903. About sixteen years later, the second census was taken. The need for a new census became apparent as the Philippines entered the Commonwealth period and approached final independence. The National Assembly passed a bill providing for the taking of a census which was approved and became Commonwealth Act No. 170, on November 12, 1936. President Quezon requested the services of an expert on census matters from the United States Government on August 17, 1937. The services of Mr. Ray Hurley, Acting Chief Statistician of Territorial, Insular, and Foreign Statistics of the United States Bureau, of the Census, were secured and upon his arrival in Manila he was appointed Expert on Census Matters effective as of October 9, 1937.

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1 Data on the census have been secured from the census volumes, from a typewritten copy of the Administrative report of the Commission of the Census, December 4, 1936–Deccmbcr 31, 1940, 392 p., and from Mr. Ray Hurley, Bureau of the Census.Washington, D. C.

2 Mr. Hurley was retained until June 1941 by the Philippine Government after the Commission of the Census was terminated on December 31, 1940 and aided in the establishment of a Bureau of Census and Statistics which was set up to coordinate the statistical work of the Commonwealth Government and to carry on the work of the Commission of the Census. The Bureau of the Census and Statistics published in 1941 two items of interest of which only a few copies reached the United States. The Yearbook of Philippine statistics, 1940, 485 p., was issued August 25, 1941. The publication, Bulletin of Philippine statistics, formerly published quarterly by the Department of Agriculture and Commerce was suspended and beginning with July 1941 the Bureau of Census and Statistics began publishing monthly the Journal of Philippine statistics. A few copies of four numbers, August 1941–October 1941 are known to have reached the United States.

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The Journal of Asian Studies
  • ISSN: 0021-9118
  • EISSN: 1752-0401
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-asian-studies
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