Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

MEDIA EXPOSURE AND REGIME SUPPORT UNDER COMPETITIVE AUTHORITARIANISM: EVIDENCE FROM SOUTH KOREA

Abstract
Abstract

This study explores whether and how exposure to mass media affects regime support in competitive authoritarian regimes. Using geographical and temporal variation in newspaper circulation and radio signal strength in South Korea under Park Chung Hee's competitive authoritarian rule (1961–1972), we find that greater exposure to media was correlated with more opposition to the authoritarian incumbent, but only when the government's control of the media was weaker. When state control of the media was stronger, the correlation between media exposure and regime support disappeared. Through a content analysis of newspaper articles, we also demonstrate that the regime's tighter media control is indeed associated with pro-regime bias in news coverage. These findings from the South Korean case suggest that the liberalizing effect of mass media in competitive authoritarian regimes is conditional on the extent of government control over the media.

Copyright
Corresponding author
(bksong@hanyang.ac.kr, corresponding author)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Maja Adena , Ruben Enikolopov , Maria Petrova , Veronica Santarosa , and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya . 2015. “Radio and the Rise of Nazis in Prewar Germany.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 130 (4): 18851939.

Jason Brownlee . 2007. Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Eric CC Chang , Miriam A. Golden and Seth J. Hill . 2010. “Legislative Malfeasance and Political Accountability.” World Politics 62 (2): 177220.

Elena Costas-Pérez , Albert Solé-Ollé , and Pilar Sorribas-Navarro . 2012. “Corruption Scandals, Voter Information, and Accountability.” European Journal of Political Economy 28 (4): 469–84.

Russell J. Dalton 1994. “Communists and Democrats: Democratic Attitudes in the two Germanies.” British Journal of Political Science 24: 469–93.

Ruben Enikolopov , Maria Petrova , and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya . 2011. “Media and Political Persuasion: Evidence from Russia.” American Economic Review 101 (7): 32533285.

Leopold Fergusson . 2014. “Media Markets, Special Interests, and Voters.” Journal of Public Economics 109: 1326.

Jennifer Gandhi . 2008. Political Institutions under Dictatorship. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Albert O. Hirschman 1993. “Exit, Voice, and the Fate of the German Democratic Republic: An Essay in Conceptual History.” World Politics 45 (2): 173202.

Holger Lutz Kern . 2011. “Foreign Media and Protest Diffusion in Authoritarian Regimes: The Case of the 1989 East German Revolution.” Comparative Political Studies 44 (9): 11791205.

Ju Eon Kim . 2009. Media Control in Korea [Han'guk ǔi ǒllon t'ongje: majimak kirok igil yǒmwǒn hamyǒ]. Seoul: Ribuk.

Gary King , Jennifer Pan , and Margaret E. Roberts . 2013. “How Censorship in China Allows Government Criticisms but Silences Collective Expression.” American Political Science Review 107 (2): 118.

Timur Kuran . 1991. “Now Out of Never: The Element of Surprise in the East European Revolution of 1989.” World Politics 44 (1): 748.

Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way . 2002. “Elections Without Democracy: The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism.” Journal of Democracy 13 (2): 5165.

Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way . 2010. Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes After the Cold War. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Beatriz Magaloni . 2006. Voting for Autocracy: Hegemonic Party Survival and its Demise in Mexico. New York: Cambridge University Press.

John McMillan and Pablo Zoido . 2004. “How to Subvert Democracy: Montesinos in Peru.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 18 (4): 6992.

Ayo Olukotun . 2002. “Authoritarian State, Crisis of Democratization and the Underground Media in Nigeria.” African Affairs 101: 317–42.

Karl-Dieter Opp and Christiane Gern . 1993. “Dissident Groups, Personal Networks, and Spontaneous Cooperation: The East German Revolution of 1989.” American Sociological Review 58 (5): 659680.

Karl-Dieter Opp and Wolfgang Roehl . 1990. “Repression, Micromobilization, and Political Protest.” Social Forces 69 (2): 521547.

Gary D. Rawnsley , and Ming-Yeh T. Rawnsley . 1998. “Regime Transition and the Media in Taiwan.” Democratization 5 (2): 106–24.

Dankwart A. Rustow 1990. “Democracy: A Global Revolution?Foreign Affairs 69 (4): 7591.

Andreas Schedler . 2002. “The Menu of Manipulation.” Journal of Democracy 13 (2): 3650.

David A. Snow , Rens Vliegenthart , and Catherine Corrigall-Brown . 2007. “Framing the French Riots: A Comparative Study of Frame Variations.” Social Forces 86 (2): 385415.

Daniela Stockmann and Mary E. Gallagher . 2011. “Remote Control: How the Media Sustain Authoritarian Rule in China.” Comparative Political Studies 44 (4): 436–67.

David Strang , and Sarah A. Soule . 1998. “Diffusion in Organizations and Social Movements: From Hybrid Corn to Poison Pills.” Annual Review of Sociology 24: 265290.

Miklos S. Sükösd 2000. “Democratic Transformation and the Mass Media in Hungary: From Stalinism to Democratic Consolidation.” In Democracy and the Media, edited by Richard Gunther and Anthony Mughan . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of East Asian Studies
  • ISSN: 1598-2408
  • EISSN: 2234-6643
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-east-asian-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Cho supplementary material
Online Appendix

 PDF (57 KB)
57 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 42 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 427 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 9th May 2017 - 17th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.