Matheiu, Bastian, Heymann, Sebastien, and Jacomy, Mathieu. 2009. “Gephi: an Open Source Software for Exploring and Manipulating Networks.” International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, North America.
Bo, Zhiyue. 2007. China's Elite Politics: Political Transition and Power Balancing. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Company.
Brass, Daniel and Krackhardt, David. 2012. “Power, Politics, and Social Networks in Organizations.” In Politics in Organizations: Theory and Research Considerations, edited by Ferris, Gerald and Treadway, Darren, 355–375. New York: Routledge.
Chang, Yi-Chun. 1976. Factional and Coalition Politics in China: The Cultural Revolution and Its Aftermath. New York: Praeger.
Choi, Eun Kyong. 2012. “Patronage and Performance: Factors in The Political Mobility of Provincial Leaders in Post-Deng China.” The China Quarterly 212: 965–981.
Dittmer, Lowell. 1995. “Chinese Informal Politics.” The China Journal 34: 1–34.
Freeman, Linton. 1977. “A Set of Measures of Centrality Based Upon Betweenness.” Sociometry 40: 35–41.
Garnaut, John. 2012. The Rise and Fall of the House of Bo: How a Murder Exposed the Cracks in China's Leadership. London: Penguin Books.
Gile, Krista J. 2011. “Improved Inference for Respondent-Driven Sampling Data with Application to HIV Prevalence Estimation.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 106 (493): 135–146.
Gregory, Leo. 2013. “A Social Network Analysis of the Chinese Communist Party's Politburo.” Master's thesis, Naval Postgraduate School.
Guo, Xuezhi. 2001. “Dimensions of Guanxi in Chinese Elite Politics.” The China Journal 46: 69–90.
Heckathorn, Douglas D. 1997. “Respondent-Driven Sampling: A New Approach to the Study of Hidden Populations.” Social Problems 44 (2): 174–199.
Huang, Jing. 2006. Factionalism in Chinese Communist Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jacomy, Mathieu, Venturini, Tommaso, Heymann, Sebastien, and Bastian, Mathieu. 2014. “ForceAtlas2, A Continuous Graph Layout Algorithm for Handy Network Visualization designed for the Gephi software.” PLoS ONE 9, 6: e98679. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0098679.
Jia, Ruixue, Kudamatsu, Masayuki, and Seim, David. 2013. “Complementary Roles of Connections and Performance in Political Selection in China.” CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9523. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2284613
Keller, Franziska. 2014. “A Theory for Networks of Power.” Paper presented at the General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom, September 3–6.
Keller, Franziska. 2015. “Social Network Analysis and the Study of Chinese Elites: A New Approach for Conceptualizing and Measuring Informal Institutions.” Paper presented at the General Conference of the European Consortium for Political Research in Montréal, Canada, August 26–29.
Keller, Franziska and Wang, Yuhua. 2015. “Farewell Comrades! Power Struggle and Elite Removal during Leadership Succession in Authoritarian Regimes.” Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, September 3–6.
Krackhardt, David. 1987. “QAP Partialling as a Test of Spuriousness.” Social Networks 9: 171–186.
Li, Cheng. 2001. China's Leaders: The New Generation. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Li, Cheng. 2014. “Xi Jinping's Inner Circle (Part 1: The Shaanxi Gang).” China Leadership Monitor 43.
Li, Cheng. 2015. “Xi Jinping's Inner Circle (Part 4: The Mishu Cluster I).” China Leadership Monitor 46.
Lieberthal, Kenneth and Oksenberg, Michel. 1988. Policy Making in China: Leaders, Structures, and Processes. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Lusher, Dean, Koskinen, Johan, and Robins, Garry. 2012. Exponential Random Graph Models for Social Networks: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Meyer, David, Shih, Victor, and Lee, Jonghyuk. 2014. An Updated Database of Central Committee Members of the CCP.
Miller, Alice. 2015. “The Trouble with Factions.” China Leadership Monitor 46.
Nathan, Andrew. 1973. “A Factionalism Model for CCP Politics.” The China Quarterly 53: 34–66.
Nathan, Andrew and Gilley, Bruce. 2003. China's New Rulers: The Secret Files. 2nd rev. ed.New York: The New York Review of Books.
Nathan, Andrew and Tsai, Kellee. 1995. “Factionalism: A New Institutionalist Restatement.” The China Journal 34: 157–192.
Padgett, John and Ansell, Christopher. 1993. “Robust Action and the Rise of the Medici, 1400–1434.” American Journal of Sociology 98 (6): 1259–1319.
Perez-Oviedo, Wilson. 2015. “Citizens, Dictators and Networks: A Game Theory Approach.” Rationality and Society 27 (1): 3–39.
Putnam, Robert D. 1976. The Comparative Study of Political Elites. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Razo, Armando. 2008. Social Foundations of Limited Dictatorship: Networks and Private Protection during Mexico's Early Industrialization. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Shih, Victor. 2004. “Factions Matter: Personal Networks and the Distribution of Bank Loans in China.” Journal of Contemporary China 13 (38): 3–19.
Shih, Victor. 2008. “‘Nauseating’ Displays of Loyalty: Monitoring the Factional Bargain through Ideological Campaigns in China.” The Journal of Politics 70 (4): 1177–1192.
Shih, Victor, Adolph, Christopher, and Liu, Mingxing. 2012. “Getting Ahead in the Communist Party: Explaining the Advancement of Central Committee Members in China.” American Political Science Review 106 (1): 166–187.
Shih, Victor, Shan, Wei, and Liu, Mingxing. 2010. “Gauging the Elite Political Equilibrium in the CCP: A Quantitative Approach Using Biographical Data.” The China Quarterly 201 (1): 79–103.
Sibayan, Jerome Tan. 2013. “A Network Analysis of China's Central Committee: A Dynamical Theory of Policy Networks.” PhD diss., Kansas State University.
Skinner, George. 1958. Leadership and Power in the Chinese Community of Thailand. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Tsou, Tang. 1976. “Prolegomenon to the Study of Informal Groups in CCP Politics.” The China Quarterly 65: 98–117.
Tsou, Tang. 1995. “Chinese Politics at the Top: Factionalism or Informal Politics? Balance-of-Power Politics or a Game to Win All?” The China Journal 34: 95–156.
Ward, Michael, Stovel, Katherine, and Sacks, Audrey. 2011. “Network Analysis and Political Science.” Annual Review of Political Science 14: 245–264.
Whitson, William and Huang, Zhenxia. 1973. The Chinese High Command: A History of Communist Military Politics, 1927–71. New York: Praeger.
Yang, Mayfair Mei-hui. 1994. Gifts, Favors, and Banquets: The Art of Social Relationships in China. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Zhang, Tingting. 2009. “Strategic Prioritization and Central Control: A Study of the Political Mobility of Provincial Leaders in Post-reform China.” PhD diss., University of California, Los Angeles.
Zhang, Yang. 2014. “Testing Social Ties against Merits: The Political Career of Provincial Party Chiefs in China, 1990–2007.” Journal of Chinese Political Science 19 (3): 249–265.