Skip to main content
×
Home

TAIWAN CITIZENS' VIEWS OF CHINA: WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF CROSS-STRAIT CONTACTS?

Abstract
Abstract

Segregation has long been recognized as a source of ignorance which breeds negative feelings and hostility. This view maintains that interactions between members of different groups can foster social bonds and promote positive group relationship. Employing recently collected survey data, this study examines the effect of cross-Strait contacts on Taiwan citizens’ negative views toward Chinese citizens and the Beijing government. The empirical results show that casual encounters have no effect on the island residents’ general perception of China. Serious interactions in the form of friendship moderate their unfavorable feelings of Chinese citizens but have no effects on the perception of a hostile Beijing. Unless contacts can invoke true social bonds, frequent interactions do not have transformative effects on individuals’ political views. The moderating effect of contacts at the personal level is not transferable to a political entity when the latter is perceived as a suppressing agent.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Allport Gordon W. 1954. The Nature of Prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Amir Yehuda. 1969. “Contact Hypothesis in Ethnic Relations.” Psychological Bulletin 71 (5): 319342.
Amir Yehuda. 1976. “The Role of Intergroup Contact in Change of Prejudice and Race Relations.” In Towards the Elimination of Racism, edited by Katz P. and Taylor D. A.. New York: Pergamon Press.
Brophy Ira N. 1946. “The Luxury of Anti-Negro Prejudice.” Public Opinion Quarterly 9 (4): 456466.
Chen Lu-huei. 2006. The Study of Origins and Political Consequences of Taiwan Identity. National Science Council Research Plan NSC95–2414-H-004–051-SSS, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Cheng Su-feng. 2011. Taiwan Identity: Formation Typology and Its Political Consequences (II). National Science Council Research Plan NSC 99–2410-H-004–113, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Cheng Su-feng. 2013. A Study of Presidential Popularity and Its Political Effects (II). National Science Council Research Plan NSC100–2410-H004–086-MY2, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Cheng Su-feng. 2014. An Analysis of Taiwanese/Chinese Identity and Its Implications to Cross-Strait Relations (II). National Science Council Research Plan NSC102–2410-H004–128-MY2, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Copper John F. 2003. Taiwan: Nation-state or Province? Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Deutsch Morton, and Collins Merry. 1951. Interracial Housing: A Psychological Evaluation of a Social Experiment. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Dixon Jeffrey. 2006. “The Ties That Bind and Those That Don't: Toward Reconciling Group Threat and Contact.” Social Forces 84 (4): 21792204.
Durrheim Kevin, and Dixon John. 2010. “Racial Contact and Change in South Africa.” Journal of Social Issues 66 (2): 273288.
Forbes H. D. 1997. Ethnic Conflict: Commerce, Culture, and the Contact Hypothesis. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Garver John W. 1997. Face Off: China, the United States, and Taiwan's Democratization. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Harper Dennis C., and Wacker David P.. 1985. “Children's Attitudes toward Disabled Peers and the Effects of Mainstreaming.” Academic Psychology Bulletin 7: 8798.
Huang Chi. 2013. Taiwan's Election and Democratization Study, 2012–2016 (1/4): Benchmark Survey. National Science Council Research Plan NSC 101–2420-H004–034-MY4, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Kephart William M. 1957. Racial Factors and Urban Law Enforcement. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Lee Barrett A., Farrell Chad R., and Link Bruce G.. 2004. “Revisiting the Contact Hypothesis: The Case of Public Exposure to Homelessness.” American Sociological Review 69 (1): 4063.
Lee Wei-chin, and Wang T. Y., eds. 2003. Sayonara to the Lee Teng-Hui Era: Politics in Taiwan, 1988–2000. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Ma Ying-jeou. 2008. “Taiwan's Renaissance.” Presidential Office of the Republic of China. www.president.gov.tw/en/. Accessed May 1, 2015.
Mainland Affairs Council. 2014. “Public Opinion on Public Views on Current Cross-Strait Relations (2014–07): Beijing's Hostility toward ROC.” www.mac.gov.tw/public/Attachment/4641131951.gif. Accessed April 2, 2015.
Mainland Affairs Council. 2015. Liang-An Jing-gi Tong-gi Yue-bao [Monthly Report on Cross-Straits Economy], No. 263. www.mac.gov.tw/. Accessed May 2, 2015.
Naor Margalit, and Milgram Roberta M.. 1980. “Two Preservice Strategies for Preparing Regular Class Teachers for Mainstreaming.” Exceptional Children 47 (2): 126129.
National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China. 1979. Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Quanguo Reda Changweihui Gao Taiwan Tongbaoshu [An open letter to Taiwanese Compatriots from the Standing Committee of National People's Congress, the People's Republic of China]. http://tw.people.com.cn/GB/26741/139936/139938/8427598.html#. Accessed November 28, 2008.
National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China. 2004. Constitution of the People's Republic of China. www.npc.gov.cn/englishnpc/Constitution/node_2825.htm. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Pettigrew Thomas. 1971. Racially Separate or Together? New York: McGraw-Hill.
Pettigrew Thomas, and Tropp Linda. 2006. “A Meta-Analytic Test of Intergroup Contact Theory.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 90 (5): 751783.
Sigelman Lee, Bledsoe Timothy, Welch Susan, and Combs Michael W.. 1996. “Making Contact? Black–White Social Interaction in an Urban Setting.” American Journal of Sociology 101 (5): 13061322.
Sigelman Lee, and Welch Susan. 1993. “The Contact Hypothesis Revisited: Interracial Contact and Positive Racial Attitudes.” Social Forces 71 (3): 781795.
Su Chi, and An-guo Cheng, eds. 2002. Yige Zhongguo, Gezi Biaoshu’ Gongshi de Shishi [One China, Different Interpretations: An Account of the Consensus]. Taipei: Guojia Zhengce Yanjiu Jijinhui.
Tung Chen-Yuan. 2005. “An Assessment of China's Taiwan Policy under the Third Generation Leadership.” Asian Survey 45 (3): 343361.
Wang T. Y. (forthcoming). “Changing Boundaries: The Development of Taiwan Voters’ Identity.” In The Taiwan Voter, edited by Achen Christopher and Wang T. Y.. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Wang T. Y. 2001. “Cross-Strait Relations after the 2000 Election in Taiwan: Changing Tactics in a New Reality.” Asian Survey 41 (5): 716736.
Wang T. Y., Lee Wei-chin, and Yu Ching-hsin. 2011. “Taiwan's Expansion of International Space: Opportunities and Challenges.” Journal of Contemporary China 20 (69): 249267.
Wilner Daniel M., Walkley Rosabelle Price, and Cook Stuart W.. 1955. Human Relations in Interracial Housing: A Study of the Contact Hypothesis. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Works Ernest. 1961. “The Prejudice-Interaction Hypothesis from the Point of View of the Negro Minority Group.” American Journal of Sociology 67 (1): 4752.
Yu Ching-hsin. 2010. Continuity and Chang of People's Preference on the Issue of ‘Unification and vs. Independence’ in Taiwan: Measurements and Implications (I). National Science Council Research Plan NSC 98–2410-H-004–031-MY2, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Yu Ching-hsin. 2011. Continuity and Chang of People's Preference on the Issue of ‘Unification and vs. Independence’ in Taiwan: Measurements and Implications (II). National Science Council Research Plan NSC 98–2410-H-004–031-MY2, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Yu Eric Chen-hua. 2010. A New Approach to Analyze Taiwanese Public Opinion Toward Future Cross-Strait Relations. National Science Council Research Plan NSC 99–2410-H004–072, Taiwan, Republic of China: National Science Council.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of East Asian Studies
  • ISSN: 1598-2408
  • EISSN: 2234-6643
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-east-asian-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 62 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 940 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 9th May 2017 - 22nd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.