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Malaria and Economic Productivity: A Longitudinal Analysis of the American Case

  • Sok Chul Hong (a1)

Using longitudinal data linked to the 1850 and 1860 U.S. federal census manuscript schedules, this article examines the effect of migration to high-risk malaria counties on real estate wealth accumulation. Although the migrants recognized the risk of malaria, they still migrated to malarial regions. Those who migrated to areas with higher risk of malaria experienced smaller increases in real estate wealth than migrants to less malarial areas. The findings in this study provide historical evidence with which to estimate the potential modern-day economic benefit of malarial eradication.

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The Journal of Economic History
  • ISSN: 0022-0507
  • EISSN: 1471-6372
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