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Proto-industrialization: The First Phase of the Industrialization Process

  • Franklin F. Mendels (a1)

Well before the beginning of machine industry, many regions of Europe became increasingly industrialized in the sense that a growing proportion of their labor potential was allocated to industry. Yet, that type of industry—the traditionally organized, principally rural handicrafts—barely fits the image one has of a modernizing economy. There is, however, cognitive value as well as didactic advantage in thinking of the growth of “pre-industrial industry” as part and parcel of the process of “industrialization” or, rather, as a first phase which preceded and prepared modern industrialization proper.

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Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen , “Process in Fanning Versus Process in Manufacturing,” in Ugo Papi and Charles Nunn , (eds.), Economic Problems of Agriculture in Industrial Societies (London: Macmillan, 1969).

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The Journal of Economic History
  • ISSN: 0022-0507
  • EISSN: 1471-6372
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-economic-history
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