Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Commitment to Political Ideology is a Luxury Only Students Can Afford: A Distributive Justice Experiment

  • Simona Demel (a1), Abigail Barr (a2), Luis Miller (a3) and Paloma Ubeda (a4)
Abstract

Using a political-frame-free, lab-in-the-field experiment, we investigate the associations between employment status, self-reported political ideology, and preferences for redistribution. The experiment consists of a real-effort task, followed by a four-player dictator game. In one treatment, dictator game initial endowments depend on participants’ performance in the real-effort task, i.e., they are earned, in the other, they are randomly determined. We find that being employed or unemployed is associated with revealed redistributive preferences, while the political ideology of the employed and unemployed is not. In contrast, the revealed redistributive preferences of students are strongly associated with their political ideologies. The employed and right-leaning students redistribute earnings less than windfalls, the unemployed, and left-leaning students make no such distinction.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Alesina, A. and Glaeser, E. L.. 2004. Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe: A World of Difference. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Alesina, A. and La Ferrara, E.. 2005. “Preferences for Redistribution in the Land of Opportunities.” Journal of Public Economics 89: 897931.
Alesina, A. and Giuliano, P.. 2011. “Preferences for Redistribution.” In Benhabib, J., Bisin, A., and Jackson, M. O. (Eds.), Handbook of Social Economics (pp. 93132). North Holland: Elsevier.
Babcock, L. and Loewenstein, G.. 1997. “Explaining Bargaining Impasse: The Role of Self Serving Biases.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 11:109126.
Barber, B. IV., Beramendi, P., and Wibbels, E.. 2013. “The Behavioral Foundations of Social Politics: Evidence from Surveys and a Laboratory Democracy.” Comparative Political Studies 46 (10): 11551189.
Barr, A., Burns, J., Miller, L., and Shaw, I.. 2015. “Economic Status and Acknowledgement of Earned Entitlement.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 118: 5568.
Barr, A., Miller, L., and Úbeda, P.. 2016. “Moral Consequences of Becoming Unemployed.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (17): 46764681.
Benjamini, Y. and Hochberg, Y.. 1995. “Controlling the False Discovery Rate: A Practical and Powerful Approach to Multiple Testing.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological) 57 (1): 289300.
Brown‐Iannuzzi, J. L., Lundberg, K. B., Kay, A. C., and Payne, B. K.. 2015. “Subjective Status Shapes Political Preferences.” Psychological Science 26 (1): 1526.
Cameron, A. C., Gelbach, J. B., and Miller, D. L.. 2008. “Bootstrap-Based Improvements for Inference with Clustered Errors.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 90 (3): 414–27.
Cavaillé, C. and Trump, K.-S.. 2015. “The Two Facets of Social Policy Preferences.” Journal of Politics 77 (1): 146–60.
Durante, R., Putterman, L., and van der Weele, J.. 2014. “Preferences for Redistribution and Perception of Fairness: An Experimental Study.” Journal of the European Economic Association 12 (4): 1059–86.
Esarey, J., Salmon, T. C., and Barrilleaux, C.. 2012. “What Motivates Political Preferences? Self‐Interest, Ideology, and Fairness in a Laboratory Democracy.” Economic Inquiry 50 (3): 604–24.
Festinger, L. 1957. A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Fong, C. 2001. “Social Preferences, Self-Interest, and the Demand for Redistribution.” Journal of Public Economics 82: 225–46.
Freire, A. 2008. “Party Polarization and Citizen's Left Right Orientations.” Party Politics 14 (2): 189209.
Hårsman, B. and Quigley, J. M.. 2010. “Political and Public Acceptability of Congestion Pricing: Ideology and Self‐Interest.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 29 (4): 854874.
Jaime-Castillo, A. M. and Sáez-Lozano, J. L.. 2016. “Preferences for Tax Schemes in OECD Countries, Self-Interest and Ideology.” International Political Science Review 37: 8198.
Margalit, Y. 2013. “Explaining Social Policy Preferences: Evidence from the Great Recession.” American Political Science Review 107 (01): 80103.
Morton, R. B. and Williams, K. C.. 2010. Experimental Political Science and the Study of Causality: From Nature to the Lab. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Naumann, E., Buss, C., and Bähr, J.. 2016. “How Unemployment Experience Affects Support for the Welfare State: A Real Panel Approach.” European Sociological Review 32 (1): 8192.
Owens, L. A. and Pedulla, D. S.. 2014. “Material Welfare and Changing Political Preferences: The Case of Support for Redistributive Social Policies.” Social Forces 92 (3): 1087–113.
Weber, W. 2011. “Testing for Measurement Equivalence of Individuals’ Left-Right Orientation.” Survey Research Methods 5 (1): 110.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Experimental Political Science
  • ISSN: 2052-2630
  • EISSN: 2052-2649
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-experimental-political-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Demel et al. Dataset
Dataset

 Unknown
WORD
Supplementary materials

Demel et al. supplementary material
Online Appendix

 Word (156 KB)
156 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed