Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Just Don’t Call it a Tax! Framing in an Experiment on Voting and Redistribution

  • Jan Lorenz (a1), Fabian Paetzel (a2) and Markus Tepe (a3)
Abstract

Utilizing a simplified version of the Meltzer–Richard redistribution mechanism, we designed a laboratory experiment to test whether it matters if voters were asked to decide on a tax rate or a minimum income, leaving the redistribution mechanism itself unchanged. Framing the vote about redistribution as a decision about a minimal income increases the individually and ideally preferred level of redistribution. This effect outlives the groups’ deliberation processes and leads to the implementation of a higher level of redistribution.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Alesina, Alberto and Giuliano, Paola. 2011. “Preferences for Redistribution.” In Handbook of Social Economics (pp. 93132), eds. Benhabib, Jess, Bisin, Alberto, and Jackson, Matthew O.. North Holland, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Barber, Benjamin, Beramendi, Pablo, and Wibbels, Erik. 2013. “The Behavioral Foundations of Social Politics: Evidence from Surveys and a Laboratory Democracy.” Comparative Political Studies 46 (10): 11551189. doi: 10.1177/0010414012472467.
Camerer, Colin. 2003. Behavioral Game Theory: Experiments in Strategic Interaction. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Chong, Dennis and Druckman, James N.. 2007. “Framing Theory.” doi: 10.1146/annurev.polisci.10.072805.103054.
Cubitt, Robin P., Drouvelis, Michalis, and Gächter, Simon. 2011. “Framing and Free Riding: Emotional Responses and Punishment in Social Dilemma Games.” Experimental Economics 14 (2): 254272.
Downs, Anthony. 1957. “An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy.” The Journal of Political Economy 65 (2): 135150.
Esarey, Justin, Salmon, Timothy C., and Barrilleaux, Charles. 2012a. “Social Insurance and Income Redistribution in a Laboratory Experiment.” Political Research Quarterly 65 (3): 685698. doi: 10.1177/1065912911411096.
Esarey, Justin, Salmon, Timothy C., and Barrilleaux, Charles. 2012b. “What Motivates Political Preferences? Self-Interest, Ideology, and Fairness in a Laboratory Democracy.” Economic Inquiry 50 (3): 604624.
Fischbacher, Urs. 2007. “z-Tree: Zurich Toolbox for Ready-Made Economic Experiments.” Experimental Economics 10 (2): 171178.
Frohlich, Norman and Oppenheimer, Joe A.. 1990. “Choosing Justice in Experimental Democracies with Production.” American Political Science Review 84 (2): 461477.
Frohlich, Norman and Oppenheimer, Joe A.. 1992. Choosing Justice. An Experimental Approach to Ethical Theory. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Frohlich, Norman, Oppenheimer, Joe A., and Eavey, Cheryl L.. 1987a. “Laboratory Results on Rawls’s Distributive Justice.” British Journal of Political Science 17 (1): 121.
Frohlich, Norman, Oppenheimer, Joe A., and Eavey, Cheryl L.. 1987b. “Choices of Principles of Distributive Justice in Experimental Groups.” American Journal of Political Science 31 (3): 606636.
Greiner, Ben. 2015. “Subject Pool Recruitment Procedures: Organizing Experiments with Orsee.” Journal of the Economic Science Association 1 (1): 114125. ISSN . doi: 10.1007/s40881-015-0004-4.
Harsanyi, John C. 1955. “Cardinal Welfare, Individualistic Ethics, and Interpersonal Comparisons of Utility.” Journal of Political Economy 63 (4): 309321.
Höchtl, Wolfgang, Sausgruber, Rupert, and Tyran, Jean-Robert. 2012. “Inequality Aversion and Voting on Redistribution.” European Economic Review 56 (7): 14061421.
Inglehart, Ronald and Klingemann, Hans-Dieter. 1976. “Party Identification, Ideological Preferences and the Left-Right Dimension Among Western Publics.” In Party Identification and Beyond. Representations of Voting and Party Competition, eds. Budge, I., Crewe, I., and Farlie, D. (pp. 243273). London: John Wiley & Sons.
Kerschbamer, Rudolf. 2015. The Geometry of Distributional Preferences and a Non-Parametric Identification Approach: The Equality Equivalence Test. European Economic Review 76 (C): 85103.
Kittel, Bernhard, Paetzel, Fabian, and Traub, Stefan. 2015. “Competition, Income Distribution, and the Middle Class: An Experimental Study.” Journal of Applied Mathematics 501: ID 303912.
Konow, James. 2003. “Which is the Fairest One of All? A Positive Analysis of Justice Theories.” Journal of Economic Literature 41 (4): 11881239.
Konow, James. 2009. “Is Fairness in the Eye of the Beholder? An Impartial Spectator Analysis of Justice.” Social Choice and Welfare 33 (1): 101127.
Lorenz, Jan, Paetzel, Fabian, and Tepe, Markus. 2015. “Experimental Data: Framing in an Experiment on Voting and Redistribution.” Harvard Dataverse, V3 [UNF:6:bnILA1zioGAF+wEFoffltQ==].
Meltzer, Allan H. and Richard, Scott F.. 1981. “A Rational Theory of the Size of Government.” Journal of Political Economy 89 (5): 914927.
Michelbach, Philip A., Scott, John T., Matland, Richard E., and Bornstein, Brian H.. 2003. “Doing Rawls Justice: An Experimental Study on Distribution Norms.” American Journal of Political Science 47 (3): 523539.
Rawls, John. 1971. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Saito, Kota. 2013. “Social Preferences Under Risk: Equality of Opportunity Versus Equality of Outcome.” The American Economic Review 103 (7): 30843101.
Sartori, Giovanni. 1976. Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Seidl, Christian and Traub, Stefan. 2001. “Taxpayers’ Attitudes, Behavior, and Perception of Fairness.” Pacific Economic Review 6 (2): 255267.
Traub, Stefan, Seidl, Christian, and Schmidt, Ulrich. 2009. “An Experimental Study on Individual Choice, Social welfare, and Social Preferences.” European Economic Review 53 (4): 385400.
Traub, Stefan, Seidl, Christian, Schmidt, Ulrich, and Levati, Maria Vittoria. 2005. “Friedman, Harsanyi, Rawls, Boulding–or Somebody Else? An Experimental Investigation of Distributive Justice.” Social Choice and Welfare 24 (2): 283309.
Willinger, Marc and Ziegelmeyer, Anthony. 1999. “Framing and Cooperation in Public Good Games: An Experiment with an Interior Solution.” Economics Letters 65 (3): 323328.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Experimental Political Science
  • ISSN: 2052-2630
  • EISSN: 2052-2649
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-experimental-political-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed