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Computation of vortex sheet roll-up in the Trefftz plane

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 April 2006

Robert Krasny
Affiliation:
Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer St., New York, NY 10012, USA Present address: Mathematics Department, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Abstract

Two vortex-sheet evolution problems arising in aerodynamics are studied numerically. The approach is based on desingularizing the Cauchy principal value integral which defines the sheet's velocity. Numerical evidence is presented which indicates that the approach converges with respect to refinement in the mesh-size and the smoothing parameter. For elliptic loading, the computed roll-up is in good agreement with Kaden's asymptotic spiral at early times. Some aspects of the solution's instability to short-wavelength perturbations, for a small value of the smoothing parameter, are inferred by comparing calculations performed with different levels of computer round-off error. The tip vortices’ deformation, due to their mutual interaction, is shown in a long-time calculation. Computations for a simulated fuselage-flap configuration show a complicated process of roll-up, deformation and interaction involving the tip vortex and the inboard neighbouring vortices.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 1987 Cambridge University Press

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