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Effects of the non-equilibrium condensation of vapour on the pressure wave produced by the collapse of a bubble in a liquid

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 April 2006

Shigeo Fujikawa
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto
Teruaki Akamatsu
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto

Abstract

Analytical and numerical analyses have been made of the physical behaviour of a collapsing bubble in a liquid. The mathematical formulation takes into account the effects of compressibility of the liquid, non-equilibrium condensation of the vapour, heat conduction and the temperature discontinuity at the phase interface. Numerical solutions for the collapse of the bubble are obtained beyond the time when the bubble reaches its minimum radius up to the stage when a pressure wave forms and propagates outward into the liquid. The numerical results indicate that evaporation and condensation strongly influence the dynamical behaviour of the bubble.

In addition, the propagation of the stress wave, both in a solid and a liquid, due to the collapse of the bubble has been observed by means of the dynamic photoelasticity. It is clearly demonstrated that the stress wave in a photoelastic specimen is caused by impact of the pressure wave radiated from the bubble.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 1980 Cambridge University Press

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