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Numerical evidence of anomalous energy dissipation in incompressible Euler flows: towards grid-converged results for the inviscid Taylor–Green problem

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 December 2021

Niklas Fehn*
Institute for Computational Mechanics, Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstr. 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
Martin Kronbichler
Institute for Computational Mechanics, Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstr. 15, 85748 Garching, Germany Division of Scientific Computing, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, 75105 Uppsala, Sweden
Peter Munch
Institute for Computational Mechanics, Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstr. 15, 85748 Garching, Germany Institute of Material Systems Modeling, Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon, Max-Planck-Str. 1, 21502 Geesthacht, Germany
Wolfgang A. Wall
Institute for Computational Mechanics, Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstr. 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
Email address for correspondence:


The well-known energy dissipation anomaly in the inviscid limit, related to velocity singularities according to Onsager, still needs to be demonstrated by numerical experiments. The present work contributes to this topic through high-resolution numerical simulations of the inviscid three-dimensional Taylor–Green vortex problem using a novel high-order discontinuous Galerkin discretisation approach for the incompressible Euler equations. The main methodological ingredient is the use of a discretisation scheme with inbuilt dissipation mechanisms, as opposed to discretely energy-conserving schemes, which – by construction – rule out the occurrence of anomalous dissipation. We investigate effective spatial resolution up to $8192^3$ (defined based on the $2{\rm \pi}$-periodic box) and make the interesting phenomenological observation that the kinetic energy evolution does not tend towards exact energy conservation for increasing spatial resolution of the numerical scheme, but that the sequence of discrete solutions seemingly converges to a solution with non-zero kinetic energy dissipation rate. Taking the fine-resolution simulation as a reference, we measure grid-convergence with a relative $L^2$-error of $0.27\,\%$ for the temporal evolution of the kinetic energy and $3.52\,\%$ for the kinetic energy dissipation rate against the dissipative fine-resolution simulation. The present work raises the question of whether such results can be seen as a numerical confirmation of the famous energy dissipation anomaly. Due to the relation between anomalous energy dissipation and the occurrence of singularities for the incompressible Euler equations according to Onsager's conjecture, we elaborate on an indirect approach for the identification of finite-time singularities that relies on energy arguments.

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© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press

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