Steady boundary-layer solutions for a swirling stratified fluid in a rotating cone
Published online by Cambridge University Press: 10 April 1999
We consider a set of nonlinear boundary-layer equations that have been derived by Duck, Foster & Hewitt (1997a, DFH), for the swirling flow of a linearly stratified fluid in a conical container. In contrast to the unsteady analysis of DFH, we restrict attention to steady solutions and extend the previous discussion further by allowing the container to both co-rotate and counter-rotate relative to the contained swirling fluid. The system is governed by three parameters, which are essentially non-dimensional measures of the rotation, stratification and a Schmidt number. Some of the properties of this system are related (in some cases rather subtly) to those found in the swirling flow of a homogeneous fluid above an infinite rotating disk; however, the introduction of buoyancy effects with a sloping boundary leads to other (new) behaviours. A general description of the steady solutions to this system proves to be rather complicated and shows many interesting features, including non-uniqueness, singular solutions and bifurcation phenomena.
We present a broad description of the steady states with particular emphasis on boundaries in parameter space beyond which steady states cannot be continued.
A natural extension of this work (motivated by recent experimental results) is to investigate the possibility of solution branches corresponding to non-axisymmetric boundary-layer states appearing as bifurcations of the axisymmetric solutions. In an Appendix we give details of an exact, non-axisymmetric solution to the Navier–Stokes equations (with axisymmetric boundary conditions) corresponding to the flow of homogeneous fluid above a rotating disk.
- Research Article
- © 1999 Cambridge University Press