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  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 510
  • July 2004, pp. 105-129

Active management of naturally separated flow over a solid surface. Part 1. The forced reattachment process

  • A. DARABI (a1) and I. WYGNANSKI (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022112004009231
  • Published online: 01 June 2004
Abstract

The forced reattachment of flow to an inclined flat surface, simulating a simple flap, was investigated experimentally. The transition from a separated to an attached state of the flow was initiated by an abrupt change in the frequency and the amplitude of periodic perturbations emanating from a slot at the flap shoulder. The excitation parameters determined the total duration of the reattachment process. Minimum reattachment time occurred at an optimal excitation frequency of $F_{\hbox{\scriptsize{\it opt}}}^{+} \approx 1.5$, which was independent of amplitude and flap inclination. The control over the process was achieved by enhancing large spanwise vortices in the flow. Spatial amplification of consecutive vortices induces mean transport of fluid away from the flap surface which causes the main stream to reattach. The time scales of the excitation are at least an order of magnitude smaller than the typical reattachment times.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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