Experiments over the last 50 years have suggested a tentative correlation between the surface (shear) viscosity and the stability of a foam or emulsion. We examine this link theoretically using small-amplitude capillary waves in the presence of a surfactant solution of dilute concentration, where the associated Marangoni and surface viscosity effects are modelled via the Boussinesq–Scriven formulation. The resulting integro-differential initial value problem is solved analytically, and surface viscosity is found to contribute an overall damping effect to the amplitude of the capillary wave with varying degree depending on the length scale of the system. Numerically, we find that the critical damping wavelength increases for increasing surface concentration but the rate of increase remains different for both the surface viscosity and the Marangoni effect.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.