Alexakis, A.
2009
Stratified shear flow instabilities at large Richardson numbers. Phys. Fluids
21 (5), 054108.

Babanin, A.
2011
Breaking and Dissipation of Ocean Surface Waves. Cambridge University Press.

Baines, W. D.
1975
Entrainment by a plume or jet at a density interface. J. Fluid Mech.
68 (2), 309–320.

Baines, W. D., Corriveau, A. F. & Reedman, T. J.
1993
Turbulent fountains in a closed chamber. J. Fluid Mech.
255, 621–646.

Banner, M. L. & Song, J. B.
2002
On determining the onset and strength of breaking for deep water waves. Part II. Influence of wind forcing and surface shear. J. Phys. Oceanogr.
32 (9), 2559–2570.

Breidenthal, R. E.
1992
Entrainment at thin stratified interfaces: the effects of Schmidt, Richardson, and Reynolds numbers. Phys. Fluids
4 (10), 2141–2144.

Cardoso, S. S. S. & Woods, A. W.
1993
Mixing by a turbulent plume in a confined stratified region. J. Fluid Mech.
250, 277–305.

Chandrasekhar, S.
1961
Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability. Dover Publications.

Cotel, A. J. & Breidenthal, R. E.
1996
A model of stratified entrainment using vortex persistence. Appl. Sci. Res.
57 (3–4), 349–366.

Cotel, A. J., Gjestvang, J. A., Ramkhelawan, N. N. & Breidenthal, R. E.
1997
Laboratory experiments of a jet impinging on a stratified interface. Exp. Fluids
23 (2), 155–160.

Dimotakis, P. E.
2000
The mixing transition in turbulent flows. J. Fluid Mech.
409, 69–98.

Drazin, P. G. & Reid, W. H.
2004
Hydrodynamic Stability. Cambridge University Press.

Ezhova, E., Cenedese, C. & Brandt, L.
2016
Interaction between a vertical turbulent jet and a thermocline. J. Phys. Oceanogr.
46 (11), 3415–3437.

Fernando, H. J. S.
1991
Turbulent mixing in stratified fluids. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
23 (1), 455–493.

Fernando, H. J. S. & Hunt, J. C. R.
1996
Some aspects of turbulence and mixing in stably stratified layers. Dyn. Atmos. Oceans
23 (1), 35–62.

Fischer, H. B., List, J. E., Koh, C. R., Imberger, J. & Brooks, N. H.
1979
Mixing in Inland and Coastal Waters. Academic.

Holmboe, J.
1962
On the behavior of symmetric waves in stratified shear layers. Geophys. Publ.
24, 67–113.

Hussein, H. J., Capp, S. P. & George, W. K.
1994
Velocity measurements in a high-Reynolds-number, momentum-conserving, axisymmetric, turbulent jet. J. Fluid Mech.
258, 31–75.

Janssen, P.
2004
The Interaction of Ocean Waves and Wind. Cambridge University Press.

Khattab, I. S., Bandarkar, F., Fakhree, M. A. A. & Jouyban, A.
2012
Density, viscosity, and surface tension of water + ethanol mixtures from 293 to 323 K. Korean J. Chem. Engng
29 (6), 812–817.

Kumagai, M.
1984
Turbulent buoyant convection from a source in a confined two-layered region. J. Fluid Mech.
147, 105–131.

Lecoanet, D., Le Bars, M., Burns, K. J., Vasil, G. M., Brown, B. P., Quataert, E. & Oishi, J. S.
2015
Numerical simulations of internal wave generation by convection in water. Phys. Rev. E
91 (6), 063016.

Lighthill, M. J.
1962
Physical interpretation of the mathematical theory of wave generation by wind. J. Fluid Mech.
14 (3), 385–398.

Lin, C. C.
1954
Some physical aspects of the stability of parallel flows. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA
40 (8), 741–747.

Lin, Y. J. P. & Linden, P. F.
2005
The entrainment due to a turbulent fountain at a density interface. J. Fluid Mech.
542, 25–52.

Linden, P. F.
1973
The interaction of a vortex ring with a sharp density interface: a model for turbulent entrainment. J. Fluid Mech.
60 (3), 467–480.

List, E. J.
1982
Turbulent jets and plumes. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.
14 (1), 189–212.

Meunier, P. & Leweke, T.
2003
Analysis and treatment of errors due to high velocity gradients in particle image velocimetry. Exp. Fluids
35 (5), 408–421.

Miles, J. W.
1957
On the generation of surface waves by shear flows. J. Fluid Mech.
3 (2), 185–204.

Miles, J. W.
1960
On the generation of surface waves by turbulent shear flows. J. Fluid Mech.
7 (3), 469–478.

Miles, J. W.
1961
On the stability of heterogeneous shear flows. J. Fluid Mech.
10 (4), 496–508.

Morland, L. C. & Saffman, P. G.
1993
Effect of wind profile on the instability of wind blowing over water. J. Fluid Mech.
252, 383–398.

Phillips, O. M.
1957
On the generation of waves by turbulent wind. J. Fluid Mech.
2 (5), 417–445.

Shrinivas, A. B. & Hunt, G. R.
2014
Unconfined turbulent entrainment across density interfaces. J. Fluid Mech.
757, 573–598.

Shrinivas, A. B. & Hunt, G. R.
2015
Confined turbulent entrainment across density interfaces. J. Fluid Mech.
779, 116–143.

Shy, S. S.
1995
Mixing dynamics of jet interaction with a sharp density interface. Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci.
10 (3), 355–369.

Strang, E. J. & Fernando, H. J. S.
2001
Entrainment and mixing in stratified shear flows. J. Fluid Mech.
428, 349–386.

Sutherland, B.
2010
Internal Gravity Waves. Cambridge University Press.

Woodward, P. R, Herwig, F. & Lin, P.-H.
2014
Hydrodynamic simulations of H entrainment at the top of He-shell flash convection. Astrophys. J.
798 (1), 49.

Young, W. R. & Wolfe, C. L.
2014
Generation of surface waves by shear-flow instability. J. Fluid Mech.
739, 276–307.

Yule, A. J.
1978
Large-scale structure in the mixing layer of a round jet. J. Fluid Mech.
89 (3), 413–432.