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Evaporation-driven ring and film deposition from colloidal droplets

  • C. Nadir Kaplan (a1) and L. Mahadevan (a1) (a2) (a3) (a4)

Abstract

Evaporating suspensions of colloidal particles lead to the formation of a variety of patterns, ranging from a left-over ring of a dried coffee drop to uniformly distributed solid pigments left behind wet paint. To characterize the transition between rings and uniform deposits, we investigate the dynamics of a drying droplet via a multiphase model of colloidal particles in a solvent. Our theory couples the inhomogeneous evaporation at the evolving droplet interface to the dynamics inside the drop. This includes the liquid flow, local variations of the particle concentration leading to a cross-over between dilute and dense suspensions, and the resulting propagation of the deposition front. A dimensionless parameter combining the capillary number and the droplet aspect ratio captures the formation conditions of different pattern types while correctly accounting for the transition from Stokes flow to Darcy flow at high solute concentrations.

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Corresponding author

Email address for correspondence: lm@seas.harvard.edu

References

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Evaporation-driven ring and film deposition from colloidal droplets

  • C. Nadir Kaplan (a1) and L. Mahadevan (a1) (a2) (a3) (a4)

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