Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 21
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fornari, W. Formenti, A. Picano, F. and Brandt, L. 2016. The effect of particle density in turbulent channel flow laden with finite size particles in semi-dilute conditions. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 28, Issue. 3, p. 033301.

    Yu, W. Vinkovic, I. and Buffat, M. 2016. Finite-size particles in turbulent channel flow: quadrant analysis and acceleration statistics. Journal of Turbulence, p. 1.

    Peng, Cheng Min, Haoda Guo, Zhaoli and Wang, Lian-Ping 2016. A hydrodynamically-consistent MRT lattice Boltzmann model on a 2D rectangular grid. Journal of Computational Physics,

    Richter, David H. and Sullivan, Peter P. 2013. Momentum transfer in a turbulent, particle-laden Couette flow. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, Issue. 5, p. 053304.

    Kumbhakar, Manotosh Kundu, Snehasis Ghoshal, Koeli and Singh, Vijay 2016. Entropy-Based Modeling of Velocity Lag in Sediment-Laden Open Channel Turbulent Flow. Entropy, Vol. 18, Issue. 9, p. 318.

    Vowinckel, Bernhard Kempe, Tobias and Fröhlich, Jochen 2014. Fluid–particle interaction in turbulent open channel flow with fully-resolved mobile beds. Advances in Water Resources, Vol. 72, p. 32.

    Wang, Lian-Ping Peng, Cheng Guo, Zhaoli and Yu, Zhaosheng 2016. Lattice Boltzmann simulation of particle-laden turbulent channel flow. Computers & Fluids, Vol. 124, p. 226.

    Yu, Zhaosheng Wu, Tenghu Shao, Xueming and Lin, Jianzhong 2013. Numerical studies of the effects of large neutrally buoyant particles on the flow instability and transition to turbulence in pipe flow. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, Issue. 4, p. 043305.

    Ji, Chunning Munjiza, Ante Avital, Eldad Xu, Dong and Williams, John 2014. Saltation of particles in turbulent channel flow. Physical Review E, Vol. 89, Issue. 5,

    Tanaka, M. and Teramoto, D. 2015. Modulation of homogeneous shear turbulence laden with finite-size particles. Journal of Turbulence, Vol. 16, Issue. 10, p. 979.

    Loisel, Vincent Abbas, Micheline Masbernat, Olivier and Climent, Eric 2013. The effect of neutrally buoyant finite-size particles on channel flows in the laminar-turbulent transition regime. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, Issue. 12, p. 123304.

    Kidanemariam, Aman G Chan-Braun, Clemens Doychev, Todor and Uhlmann, Markus 2013. Direct numerical simulation of horizontal open channel flow with finite-size, heavy particles at low solid volume fraction. New Journal of Physics, Vol. 15, Issue. 2, p. 025031.

    Brändle de Motta, J. C. Breugem, W.-P. Gazanion, B. Estivalezes, J.-L. Vincent, S. and Climent, E. 2013. Numerical modelling of finite-size particle collisions in a viscous fluid. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 25, Issue. 8, p. 083302.

    Kempe, Tobias Vowinckel, Bernhard and Fröhlich, Jochen 2014. On the relevance of collision modeling for interface-resolving simulations of sediment transport in open channel flow. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol. 58, p. 214.

    Pan, Dingyi Shao, Xueming Deng, Jian and Yu, Zhaosheng 2014. Simulations of passive oscillation of a flexible plate in the wake of a cylinder by immersed boundary method. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, Vol. 46, p. 17.

    Yu, Zhaosheng Lin, Zhaowu Shao, Xueming and Wang, Lian-Ping 2016. A parallel fictitious domain method for the interface-resolved simulation of particle-laden flows and its application to the turbulent channel flow. Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 160.

    Yu, Wenchao Vinkovic, Ivana and Buffat, Marc 2016. Acceleration Statistics of Finite-Size Particles in Turbulent Channel Flow in the Absence of Gravity. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, Vol. 96, Issue. 1, p. 183.

    Peng, Cheng Teng, Yihua Hwang, Brian Guo, Zhaoli and Wang, Lian-Ping 2016. Implementation issues and benchmarking of lattice Boltzmann method for moving rigid particle simulations in a viscous flow. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, Vol. 72, Issue. 2, p. 349.

    Jin, Guodong Wang, Yun Zhang, Jian and He, Guowei 2013. Turbulent Clustering of Point Particles and Finite-Size Particles in Isotropic Turbulent Flows. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 52, Issue. 33, p. 11294.

    Wang, Lian-Ping Ayala, Orlando Gao, Hui Andersen, Charles and Mathews, Kevin L. 2014. Study of forced turbulence and its modulation by finite-size solid particles using the lattice Boltzmann approach. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, Vol. 67, Issue. 2, p. 363.

  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 693
  • February 2012, pp. 319-344

Fully resolved numerical simulation of particle-laden turbulent flow in a horizontal channel at a low Reynolds number

  • Xueming Shao (a1), Tenghu Wu (a1) and Zhaosheng Yu (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 17 January 2012

A fictitious domain method is used to perform fully resolved numerical simulations of particle-laden turbulent flow in a horizontal channel. The effects of large particles of diameter 0.05 and 0.1 times the channel height on the turbulence statistics and structures are investigated for different settling coefficients and volume fractions (0.79 %–7.08 %) for the channel Reynolds number being 5000. The results indicate the following. (a) When the particle sedimentation effect is negligible (i.e. neutrally buoyant), the presence of particles decreases the maximum r.m.s. of streamwise velocity fluctuation near the wall by weakening the intensity of the large-scale streamwise vortices, while increasing the r.m.s. of the streamwise fluctuating velocity in the region very close to the wall and in the centre region. On the other hand, the particles increase the r.m.s. of transverse and spanwise fluctuating velocities in the near-wall region by inducing the small-scale vortices. (b) When the particle settling effect is so substantial that most particles settle onto the bottom wall and form a particle sediment layer (SL), the SL plays the role of a rough wall and parts of the vortex structures shedding from the SL ascend into the core region and substantially increase the turbulence intensity there. (c) When the particle settling effect is moderate, the effects of particles on the turbulence are a combination of the former two situations, and the Shields number is a good parameter for measuring the particle settling effects (i.e. the particle concentration distribution in the transverse direction). The average velocities of the particle are smaller in the lower half-channel and larger in the upper half-channel compared to the local fluid velocities in the presence of gravity effects. The effects of the smaller particles on the turbulence are found to be stronger at the same particle volume fractions.

Corresponding author
Email address for correspondence:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2.S. Balachandar & J. K. Eaton 2010 Turbulent dispersed multiphase flow. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 42, 111133.

8.R. Glowinski , T. W. Pan , T. I. Hesla & D. D. Joseph 1999 A distributed Lagrange multiplier/fictitious domain method for particulate flows. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 25, 755794.

9.R. A. Gore & C. T. Crowe 1989 Effect of particle size on modulating turbulent intensity. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 15, 279285.

10.G. Hetsroni 1989 Particle turbulence interaction. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 15, 735746.

12.D. Kaftori , G. Hetsroni & S. Banerjee 1995a Particle behaviour in the turbulent boundary layer. Part I. Motion, deposition, and entrainment. Phys. Fluids 7, 10951106.

14.D. Kaftori , G. Hetsroni & S. Banerjee 1997 The effect of particles on wall turbulence. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 24, 359386.

15.T. Kajishima , S. Takiguchi , H. Hamasaki & Y. Miyake 2001 Turbulence structure of particle-laden flow in a vertical plane channel due to vortex shedding. JSME Intl J. Ser. B 44, 526535.

18.J.-P. Matas , J. F. Morris & E. Guazzelli 2003 Transition to turbulence in particulate pipe flow. Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 014501.

19.A. Naso & A. Prosperetti 2010 The interaction between a solid particle and a turbulent flow. New J. Phys. 12, 033040.

20.N.-Q. Nguyen & A. J. C. Ladd 2002 Lubrication corrections for lattice-Boltzmann simulations of particle suspensions. Phys. Rev. E 66, 046708.

21.M. Ouriemi , P. Aussillous , M. Medale , Y. Peysson & E. Guazzelli 2007 Determination of the critical Shields number for particle erosion in laminar flow. Phys. Fluids 19, 061706.

22.Y. Pan & S. Banerjee 1996 Numerical simulation of particle interactions with wall turbulence. Phys. Fluids 8, 27332755.

23.Y. Pan & S. Banerjee 1997 Numerical investigation of the effects of large particles on wall turbulence. Phys. Fluids 9, 37863807.

24.Y. Peysson , M. Ouriemi , M. Medale , P. Aussillous & E. Guazzelli 2009 Threshold for sediment erosion in pipe flow. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 35, 597600.

25.M. Rashidi , G. Hetsroni & S. Banerjee 1990 Particle turbulence interaction in a boundary layer. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 16, 935949.

26.C. B. Rogers & J. K. Eaton 1991 The effect of small particles on fluid turbulence in a flat-plate, turbulent boundary layer in air. Phys. Fluids 3, 928937.

27.X. Shao , Z. Yu & B. Sun 2008 Inertial migration of spherical particles in circular Poiseuille flow at moderately high Reynolds numbers. Phys. Fluids 20, 103307.

29.B. Sun , Z. Yu & X. Shao 2009 Inertial migration of a circular particle in non-oscillatory and oscillatory pressure-driven flows at moderately high Reynolds numbers. Fluid Dyn. Res. 41, 055501.

31.M. Uhlmann 2008 Interface-resolved direct numerical simulation of vertical particulate channel flow in the turbulent regime. Phys. Fluids 20, 053305.

32.T. Wu , X. Shao & Z. Yu 2011 Fully resolved numerical simulation of turbulent pipe flows laden with large neutrally-buoyant particles. J. Hydrodyn. 23, 2125.

33.K. Yeo , S. Dong , E. Climent & M. R. Maxey 2010 Modulation of homogeneous turbulence seeded with finite size bubbles or particles. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 36, 221233.

35.Z. Yu & X. Shao 2007 A direct-forcing fictitious domain method for particulate flows. J. Comput. Phys. 227, 292314.

36.Z. Yu & X. Shao 2010 Direct numerical simulation of particulate flows with a fictitious domain method. Intl J. Multiphase Flow 36, 127134.

37.Z. Yu , X. Shao & A. Wachs 2006 A fictitious domain method for particulate flows with heat transfer. J. Comput. Phys. 217, 424452.

39.Z. Zhang & A. Prosperetti 2005 A second-order method for three-dimensional particle simulation. J. Comput. Phys. 210, 292324.

41.R. Zisselmar & O. Molerus 1979 Investigation of solid–liquid pipe flow with regard to turbulence modification. Chem. Engng J. 18, 233239.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *