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Inertial rise of a meniscus on a vertical cylinder

  • Doireann O’Kiely (a1), Jonathan P. Whiteley (a2), James M. Oliver (a1) and Dominic Vella (a1)

We consider the inertia-dominated rise of a meniscus around a vertical circular cylinder. Previous experiments and scaling analysis suggest that the height of the meniscus, $h_{m}$ , grows with the time following the initiation of rise, $t$ , like $h_{m}\propto t^{1/2}$ . This is in contrast to the rise on a vertical plate, which obeys the classic capillary–inertia scaling $h_{m}\propto t^{2/3}$ . We highlight a subtlety in the scaling analysis that yielded $h_{m}\propto t^{1/2}$ and investigate the consequences of this subtlety. We develop a potential flow model of the dynamic problem, which we solve using the finite element method. Our numerical results agree well with previous experiments but suggest that the correct early time behaviour is, in fact, $h_{m}\propto t^{2/3}$ . Furthermore, we show that at intermediate times the dynamic rise of the meniscus is governed by two parameters: the contact angle and the cylinder radius measured relative to the capillary length scale, $t^{2/3}$ . This result allows us to collapse previous experimental results with different cylinder radii (but similar static contact angles) onto a single master curve.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
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