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The method of multiple scales and non-linear dispersive waves

  • Ali Hasan Nayfeh (a1) (a2) and Sayed D. Hassan (a3)

The method of multiple scales is used to analyze three non-linear physical systems which support dispersive waves. These systems are (i) waves on the interface between a liquid layer and a subsonic gas flowing parallel to the undisturbed interface, (ii) waves on the surface of a circular jet of liquid, and (iii) waves in a hot electron plasma. It is found that the partial differential equations that govern the temporal and spatial variations of the wave-numbers, amplitudes, and phases have the same form for all of these systems. The results show that the non-linear motion affects only the phase. For the constant wave-number case, the general solution for the amplitude and the phase can be obtained.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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