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  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 201
  • April 1989, pp. 525-541

Monopole emission of sound by asymmetric bubble oscillations. Part 1. Normal modes

  • Michael S. Longuet-Higgins (a1) (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2006

On a linearized theory, the pressure field due to bubbles oscillating asymmetrically in a ‘distortion mode’ decays with radial distance r like r−(n+1), where n > 1. Hence these modes have been thought to produce a negligible emission of sound. In this paper it is shown that, on the contrary, in nonlinear theory the distortion modes produce a monopole radiation of sound (n=0) at second order. Its frequency is twice the basic frequency of the distortion mode, and the sound amplitude is proportional to the square of the distortion amplitude. The magnitude of the pressure fluctuations within the bubble is comparable with 1 atmosphere.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
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