A new class of three-dimensional, deep-water gravity waves of permanent form has been found using an equation valid for weakly nonlinear waves due to Zakharov (1968). These solutions appear as bifurcations from the uniform two-dimensional wave train. The critical wave heights are given as functions of the modulation wave vector. The three-dimensional patterns may be skewed or symmetrical. An example of the skewed wave pattern is given and shown to be stable. The results become exact in the limit of very oblique modulations.
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