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Nonlinear Smoluchowski slip velocity and micro-vortex generation

  • Y. BEN (a1) and H.-C. CHANG (a1)
Abstract

When an electric field is applied across a conducting and ion-selective porous granule in an electrolyte solution, a polarized surface layer with excess counter-ions is created. The depth of this layer and the overpotential V across this layer are functions of the normal electric field j on the granule surface. By transforming the ionic flux equations and the Poisson equation into the Painlevé equation of the second type and by analysing the latter's asymptotic solutions, we derive a linear universal jV correlation at large flux with an electrokinetic slip length β. The flux-induced surface polarization produces a nonlinear Smoluchowski slip velocity that can couple with the granule curvature to produce micro-vortices in micro-devices. Such vortices are impossible in irrotational electrokinetic flow with a constant zeta-potential and a linear slip velocity.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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