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  • Cited by 6
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kastengren, Alan and Powell, Christopher F. 2014. Synchrotron X-ray techniques for fluid dynamics. Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 55, Issue. 3,

    Katariya, Mayur Vuong, Thach and Ng, Tuck Wah 2014. Liquid Body Formation from a Semispherical Superhydrophobic Well on a Small Incline. Langmuir, Vol. 30, Issue. 46, p. 13731.

    Liang, Gangtao and Mudawar, Issam 2016. Review of mass and momentum interactions during drop impact on a liquid film. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 101, p. 577.

    Riboux, Guillaume and Gordillo, José Manuel 2014. Experiments of Drops Impacting a Smooth Solid Surface: A Model of the Critical Impact Speed for Drop Splashing. Physical Review Letters, Vol. 113, Issue. 2,

    Castrejón-Pita, A. A. Castrejón-Pita, J. R. and Hutchings, I. M. 2012. Experimental observation of von Kármán vortices during drop impact. Physical Review E, Vol. 86, Issue. 4,

    Agbaglah, G. Thoraval, M.-J. Thoroddsen, S. T. Zhang, L. V. Fezzaa, K. and Deegan, R. D. 2015. Drop impact into a deep pool: vortex shedding and jet formation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 764,

  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 703
  • July 2012, pp. 402-413

Splashing from drop impact into a deep pool: multiplicity of jets and the failure of conventional scaling

  • L. V. Zhang (a1), J. Toole (a1), K. Fezzaa (a2) and R. D. Deegan (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 05 July 2012

We report high-speed optical and X-ray observations of jets formed during the impact of a drop with a deep pool of the same liquid. We show that a scaling that relies entirely on liquid properties, as is conventionally employed, is insufficient to determine the threshold for splashing. In order to determine if the gas properties could account for this deficit, we conducted experiments with different surrounding gases. We find that the splashing threshold depends on the gas’s dynamic viscosity, but not its density. We argue that these results are consistent with a thickening of the ejecta caused by the bubble trapped on impact between the drop and the pool. We also show that drop impact can generate a third jet, distinct from the lamella and the ejecta, that produces secondary droplets of an intermediate size.

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2.S. Chandra & C. T. Avedisian 1991 On the collision of a droplet with a solid surface. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 432 (1884), 1341.

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4.R. D. Deegan , P. Brunet & J. Eggers 2008 Complexities of splashing. Nonlinearity 21 (1), C1C11.

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15.S. T. Thoroddsen , M. J. Thoraval , K. Takehara & T. G. Etoh 2011 Droplet splashing by a slingshot mechanism. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 034501.

16.R. C. A. van der Veen , T. Tran , D. Lohse & C. Sun 2012 Direct measurements of air layer profiles under impacting droplets using high-speed colour interferometry. Phys. Rev E 85, 026315.

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21.L. V. Zhang , P. Brunet , J. Eggers & R. D. Deegan 2010 Wavelength selection in the crown splash. Phys. Fluids 22, 122105.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
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Type Description Title

Zhang et al. supplementary movie
High-speed X-ray movie of a drop of a water-glycerol mixture impacting on a pool of the same liquid at We=228 and Re=4540.

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395 KB