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Splashing from drop impact into a deep pool: multiplicity of jets and the failure of conventional scaling

  • L. V. Zhang (a1), J. Toole (a1), K. Fezzaa (a2) and R. D. Deegan (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

We report high-speed optical and X-ray observations of jets formed during the impact of a drop with a deep pool of the same liquid. We show that a scaling that relies entirely on liquid properties, as is conventionally employed, is insufficient to determine the threshold for splashing. In order to determine if the gas properties could account for this deficit, we conducted experiments with different surrounding gases. We find that the splashing threshold depends on the gas’s dynamic viscosity, but not its density. We argue that these results are consistent with a thickening of the ejecta caused by the bubble trapped on impact between the drop and the pool. We also show that drop impact can generate a third jet, distinct from the lamella and the ejecta, that produces secondary droplets of an intermediate size.

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Corresponding author
Email address for correspondence: rddeegan@umich.edu
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2. S. Chandra & C. T. Avedisian 1991 On the collision of a droplet with a solid surface. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 432 (1884), 1341.

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15. S. T. Thoroddsen , M. J. Thoraval , K. Takehara & T. G. Etoh 2011 Droplet splashing by a slingshot mechanism. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 034501.

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21. L. V. Zhang , P. Brunet , J. Eggers & R. D. Deegan 2010 Wavelength selection in the crown splash. Phys. Fluids 22, 122105.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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VIDEO
Movie

Zhang et al. supplementary movie
High-speed X-ray movie of a drop of a water-glycerol mixture impacting on a pool of the same liquid at We=228 and Re=4540.

 Video (645 KB)
645 KB

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