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A stationary circular hydraulic jump, the limits of its existence and its gasdynamic analogue


We propose a theory of a steady circular hydraulic jump based on the shallow-water model obtained from the depth-averaged Navier–Stokes equations. The flow structure both upstream and downstream of the jump is determined by considering the flow over a plate of finite radius. The radius of the jump is found using the far-field conditions together with the jump conditions that include the effects of surface tension. We show that a steady circular hydraulic jump does not exist if the surface tension is above a certain critical value. The solution of the problem provides a basis for the hydrodynamic stability analysis of the hydraulic jump. An analogy between the hydraulic jump and a detonation wave is pointed out.

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Lord Rayleigh 1914 On the theory of long waves and bores. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 90, 324.

I. Tani 1949 Water jump in the boundary layer. J. Phys. Soc. Japan 4, 212215.

F. White 2006 Fluid Mechanics. McGraw-Hill.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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