Acarlar, M. S. & Smith, C. R. 1987 A study of hairpin vortices in a laminar boundary layer. Part 2. Hairpin vortices generated by fluid injection. J. Fluid Mech. 175, 43–83.
Adrian, R. J. 2007 Hairpin vortex organization in wall turbulence. Phys. Fluids 19, 041301.
Adrian, R. J., Jones, B. G., Chung, M. K., Hassan, Y., Nithianandan, C. K. & Tung, A. T. C. 1989 Approximation of turbulent conditional averages by stochastic estimation. Phys. Fluids A 1, 992–998.
Adrian, R. J., Meinhart, C. D. & Tomkins, C. D. 2000 Vortex organization in the outer region of the turbulent boundary layer. J. Fluid Mech. 422, 1–54.
Adrian, R. J. & Moin, P. 1988 Stochastic estimation of organized turbulent structure: homogeneous shear flow. J. Fluid Mech. 190, 531–539.
Aubry, N., Holmes, P., Lumley, J. L. & Stone, E. 1988 The dynamics of coherent structures in the wall region of a turbulent boundary layer. J. Fluid Mech. 192, 115–173.
Bandyopadhyay, P. 1980 Large structure with a characteristic upstream interface in turbulent boundary layers. Phys. Fluids 23, 2326–2327.
Bogard, D. G. & Tiederman, W. G. 1986 Burst detection with single-point velocity measurements. J. Fluid Mech. 76, 89–112.
Christensen, K. T. & Adrian, R. J. 2001 Statistical evidence of hairpin vortex packets in wall turbulence. J. Fluid Mech. 431, 433–443.
De Graaff, D. B. & Eaton, J. K. 2000 Reynolds-number scaling of the flat-plate turbulent boundary layer. J. Fluid Mech. 422, 319–346.
Finnicum, D. S. & Hanratty, T. J. 1988 Effect of favourable pressure gradients on turbulent boundary layers. AIChE J. 34 (4), 529–540.
Ganapathisubramani, B., Longmire, E. K. & Marusic, I. 2003 Characteristics of vortex packets in turbulent boundary layers. J. Fluid Mech. 478, 35–46.
Head, M. R. & Bandyopadhyay, P. 1981 New aspects of turbulent boundary-layer structure. J. Fluid Mech. 107, 297–338.
Houra, T., Tsuji, T. & Nagano, Y. 2000 Effects of adverse pressure gradient on quasi-coherent structures in turbulent boundary layer. Intl J. Heat Fluid Flow 21 (3), 304–311.
Hutchins, N., Hambleton, W. T. & Marusic, I. 2005 Inclined cross-stream stereo particle image velocimetry measurements in turbulent boundary layers. J. Fluid Mech. 541, 21–54.
Jeong, J., Hussain, F., Schoppa, W. & Kim, J. 1997 Coherent structures near the wall in a turbulent channel flow. J. Fluid Mech. 332, 185–214.
Kim, K., Baek, S. J. & Sung, H. J. 2002 Animplicit velocity decoupling procedure for the incompressible Navier–Stokes equations. Intl J. Numer. Meth. Fluids 38, 125–138.
Kim, J., Moin, P. & Moser, R. 1987 Turbulence statistics in fully developed channel flow at low Reynolds number. J. Fluid Mech. 177, 133–166.
Kim, K., Sung, H. J. & Adrian, R. J. 2008 Effects of background noise on generating coherent packets of hairpin vortices. Phys. Fluids 20, 105107.
Kline, S. J., Reynolds, W. C., Schraub, F. A. & Runstadler, P. W. 1967 The structure of turbulent boundary layers. J. Fluid Mech. 30, 741–773.
Kline, S. J. & Robinson, S. K. 1989 Quasi-coherent structures in the turbulent boundary layer. Part 1. Status report on a community-wide summary of the data. In Near Wall Turbulence (ed. Kline, S. J. & Afgan, N. H.), pp. 218–247. Hemisphere.
Krogstad, P. & Skåare, P. E. 1995 Influence of a strong adverse pressure gradient on the turbulent structure in a boundary layer. Phys. Fluids 7, 2014–2024.
Lee, J.-H. & Sung, H. J. 2008 Effects of an adverse pressure gradient on a turbulent boundary layer. Intl J. Heat Fluid Flow 29 (3), 568–578.
Lund, T. S., Wu, X. & Squires, K. D. 1998 Generation of turbulent inflow data for spatially-developing boundary layer simulations. J. Comput. Phys. 140 (2), 233–258.
Marusic, I. & Perry, A. E. I. 1995 A wall-wake model for the turbulence structure of boundary layers. Part 2. Further experimental support. J. Fluid Mech. 298, 389–407.
Marusic, I. 2001 On the role of large-scale structures in wall turbulence. Phys. Fluids 13, 735.
Mellor, G. L. & Gibson, D. M. 1966 Equilibrium turbulent boundary layers. J. Fluid Mech. 24, 225–253.
Moin, P., Adrian, R. J. & Kim, J. 1987 Stochastic estimation of organized structures in turbulent channel flow. In Proceedings of the Sixth Turbulent Shear Flow Symposium, Toulouse, France, pp. 16.9.1–16.9.8.
Na, Y. & Moin, P. 1998 The structure of wall-pressure fluctuations in turbulent boundary layers with adverse pressure gradient and separation. J. Fluid Mech. 377, 347–373.
Nagano, Y., Tagawa, M. & Tsuji, T. 1993 Effects of adverse pressure gradients on mean flows and turbulence statistics in a boundary layer. In Turbulent Shear Flows 8 (ed. Durst, F., Friedrich, R., Launder, B. E., Schmidt, F. W., Schumann, U. & Whitelaw, J. H.), pp. 7–21. Springer.
Perry, A. E., Henbest, S. & Chong, M. S. 1986 A theoretical and experimental study of wall turbulence. J. Fluid Mech. 165, 163–199.
Perry, A. E. & Marusic, I. 1995 A wall-wake model for the turbulence structure of boundary layers. Part 1. Extension of the attached eddy hypothesis. J. Fluid Mech. 298, 361–388.
Robinson, S. K. 1991 Coherent motions in the turbulent boundary layer. Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 23, 601–639.
Skåare, P. E. & Krogstad, P. A. 1994 A turbulent equilibrium boundary layer near separation. J. Fluid Mech. 272, 319–348.
Skote, M. & Henningson, D. 2002 Direct numerical simulation of a separated turbulent boundary layer. J. Fluid Mech. 471, 107–136.
Skote, M., Henningson, D. S. & Henkes, R. 1998 Direct numerical simulation of self-similar turbulent boundary layers in adverse pressure gradients. Flow Turbul. Combust. 60, 47–85.
Smith, C. R. & Metzler, S. P. 1983 The characteristics of low-speed streaks in the near-wall region of a turbulent boundary layer. J. Fluid Mech. 129, 27–54.
Smith, C. R., Walker, J. D. A., Haidari, A. H. & Sobrun, U. 1991 On the dynamics of near-wall turbulence. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 336 (1641), 131–175.
Theodorsen, T. 1952 Mechanism of turbulence. In Proceedings of the Second Midwestern Conference on Fluid Mechanics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, pp. 1–19.
Tomkins, C. D. & Adrian, R. J. 2003 Spanwise structure and scale growth in turbulent boundary layers. J. Fluid Mech. 490, 37–74.
Townsend, A. A. 1961 Equilibrium layers and wall turbulence. J. Fluid Mech. 11, 97–120.
Zhou, J., Adrian, R. J. & Balachandar, S. 1996 Autogeneration of near-wall vortical structures in channel flow. Phys. Fluids 8, 288.
Zhou, J., Adrian, R. J., Balachandar, S. & Kendall, T. M. 1999 Mechanisms for generating coherent packets of hairpin vortices in channel flow. J. Fluid Mech. 387, 353–396.