Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 67
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fern, Elliot James and Soga, Kenichi 2016. The role of constitutive models in MPM simulations of granular column collapses. Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 11, Issue. 3, p. 659.

    Hamad, Fursan Stolle, Dieter and Moormann, Christian 2016. Material point modelling of releasing geocontainers from a barge. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Vol. 44, Issue. 3, p. 308.

    Ikari, Hiroyuki and Gotoh, Hitoshi 2016. SPH-based simulation of granular collapse on an inclined bed. Mechanics Research Communications, Vol. 73, p. 12.

    Nguyen, Cuong T. Nguyen, Chi T. Bui, Ha H. Nguyen, Giang D. and Fukagawa, Ryoichi 2016. A new SPH-based approach to simulation of granular flows using viscous damping and stress regularisation. Landslides,

    Robb, Daniel M. Gaskin, Susan J. and Marongiu, Jean-Christophe 2016. SPH-DEM model for free-surface flows containing solids applied to river ice jams. Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 54, Issue. 1, p. 27.

    Zhang, Xue Ding, Yutang Sheng, Daichao Sloan, Scott W. and Huang, Wenxiong 2016. Quasi-static collapse of two-dimensional granular columns: insight from continuum modelling. Granular Matter, Vol. 18, Issue. 3,

    Crosta, G. B. Imposimato, S. and Roddeman, D. 2015. Granular flows on erodible and non erodible inclines. Granular Matter, Vol. 17, Issue. 5, p. 667.

    Ionescu, Ioan R. Mangeney, Anne Bouchut, François and Roche, Olivier 2015. Viscoplastic modeling of granular column collapse with pressure-dependent rheology. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 219, p. 1.

    Jop, Pierre 2015. Rheological properties of dense granular flows. Comptes Rendus Physique, Vol. 16, Issue. 1, p. 62.

    Kermani, Elnaz Qiu, Tong and Li, Tianbin 2015. Simulation of Collapse of Granular Columns Using the Discrete Element Method. International Journal of Geomechanics, Vol. 15, Issue. 6, p. 04015004.

    Kioka, Arata and Ashi, Juichiro 2015. Episodic massive mud eruptions from submarine mud volcanoes examined through topographical signatures. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue. 20, p. 8406.

    Langlois, Vincent J. Quiquerez, Amélie and Allemand, Pascal 2015. Collapse of a two-dimensional brittle granular column: Implications for understanding dynamic rock fragmentation in a landslide. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, Vol. 120, Issue. 9, p. 1866.

    Llano-Serna, Marcelo A. Farias, Márcio M. and Pedroso, Dorival M. 2015. An assessment of the material point method for modelling large scale run-out processes in landslides. Landslides,

    Mast, Carter M. Arduino, Pedro Mackenzie-Helnwein, Peter and Miller, Gregory R. 2015. Simulating granular column collapse using the Material Point Method. Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 101.

    Mutabaruka, Patrick Kumar, Krishna Soga, Kenichi Radjai, Farhang and Delenne, Jean-Yves 2015. Transient dynamics of a 2D granular pile. The European Physical Journal E, Vol. 38, Issue. 5,

    Nguyen, Cuong T. Bui, Ha H. and Fukagawa, Ryoichi 2015. Failure Mechanism of True 2D Granular Flows. Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, Vol. 48, Issue. 6, p. 395.

    Utili, S. Zhao, T. and Houlsby, G.T. 2015. 3D DEM investigation of granular column collapse: Evaluation of debris motion and its destructive power. Engineering Geology, Vol. 186, p. 3.

    Izard, Edouard Bonometti, Thomas and Lacaze, Laurent 2014. Simulation of an Avalanche in a Fluid with a Soft-sphere/Immersed Boundary Method Including a Lubrication Force. The Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows, Vol. 6, Issue. 4, p. 391.

    Kermani, Elnaz Li, Tianbin and Qiu, Tong 2014. Advances in Transportation Geotechnics and Materials for Sustainable Infrastructure. p. 1.

    Lim, Keng-Wit Krabbenhoft, Kristian and Andrade, José E. 2014. A contact dynamics approach to the Granular Element Method. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 268, p. 557.

  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 545
  • December 2005, pp. 1-27

Study of the collapse of granular columns using two-dimensional discrete-grain simulation

  • L. STARON (a1) and E. J. HINCH (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 02 December 2005

Numerical simulations of the collapse and spreading of granular columns onto a horizontal plane using the Contact Dynamics method are presented. The results are in agreement with previous experimental work. The final shape of the deposit appears to depend only on the initial aspect ratio a of the column. The normalized runout distance has a power-law dependence on the aspect ratio a, a dependence incompatible with a simple friction model. The dynamics of the collapse is shown to be mostly controlled by a free fall of the column. Energy dissipation at the base of the column can be described simply by a coefficient of restitution. Hence the energy available for the sideways flow is proportional to the initial potential energy $E_0$. The dissipation process within the sideways flow is approximated well by basal friction, unlike the behaviour of the runout distance. The proportion of mass ejected sideways is shown to play a determining role in the spreading process: as a increases, the same fraction of initial potential energy $E_0$ drives an increasing proportion of the initial mass against friction. This gives a possible explanation for the power-law dependence of the runout distance on a. We propose a new scaling for the runout distance that matches the data well, is compatible with a friction model, and provides a qualitative explanation of the column collapse.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *