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Vortex dynamics for flow over a circular cylinder in proximity to a wall

  • Guo-Sheng He (a1), Jin-Jun Wang (a1), Chong Pan (a1), Li-Hao Feng (a1), Qi Gao (a1) and Akira Rinoshika (a1)...
Abstract

The dynamics of vortical structures in flow over a circular cylinder in the vicinity of a flat plate is investigated using particle image velocimetry (PIV). The cylinder is placed above the flat plate with its axis parallel to the wall and normal to the flow direction. The Reynolds number $Re_{D}$ based on the cylinder diameter  $D$ is 1072 and the gap  $G$ between the cylinder and the flat plate is varied from gap-to-diameter ratio $G/D=0$ to $G/D=3.0$ . The flow statistics and vortex dynamics are strongly dependent on the gap ratio $G/D$ . Statistics show that as the cylinder comes close to the wall ( $G/D\leqslant 2.0$ ), the cylinder wake becomes more and more asymmetric and a boundary layer separation is induced on the flat plate downstream of the cylinder. The wake vortex shedding frequency increases with decreasing $G/D$ until a critical gap ratio (about $G/D=0.25$ ) below which the vortex shedding is irregular. The deflection of the gap flow away from the wall and its following interaction with the upper shear layer may be the cause of the higher shedding frequency. The vortex dynamics is investigated based on the phase-averaged flow field and virtual dye visualization in the instantaneous PIV velocity field. It is revealed that when the cylinder is close to the wall ( $G/D=2.0$ ), the cylinder wake vortices can periodically induce secondary spanwise vortices near the wall. As the cylinder approaches the wall ( $G/D=1.0$ ) the secondary vortex can directly interact with the lower wake vortex, and a further approaching of the cylinder ( $G/D=0.5$ ) can result in more complex interactions among the secondary vortex, the lower wake vortex and the upper wake vortex. The breakdown of vortices into filamentary debris during vortex interactions is clearly revealed by the coloured virtual dye visualizations. For $G/D<0.25$ , the lower shear layer is strongly inhibited and only the upper shear layer can shed vortices. Investigation of the vortex formation, evolution and interaction in the flow promotes the understanding of the flow physics for different gap ratios.

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Corresponding author
Email address for correspondence: jjwang@buaa.edu.cn
References
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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
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Type Description Title
VIDEO
Movies

He supplementary movie
Movie 2 for Figure 9: Phase-averaged vortical structures at G/D=1.0.

 Video (6.9 MB)
6.9 MB
VIDEO
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He supplementary movie
Movie 1 for Figure 8: Phase-averaged vortical structures at G/D=0.5.

 Video (5.6 MB)
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VIDEO
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He supplementary movie
Movie 4 for Figure 13: Instantaneous vortical structures at G/D=0.5 revealed by virtual dye visualization.

 Video (1.8 MB)
1.8 MB
VIDEO
Movies

He supplementary movie
Movie 6 for Figure 15: Instantaneous vortical structures at G/D=2.0 revealed by virtual dye visualization.

 Video (1.4 MB)
1.4 MB
VIDEO
Movies

He supplementary movie
Movie 3 for Figure 10: Phase-averaged vortical structures at G/D=2.0.

 Video (4.8 MB)
4.8 MB
VIDEO
Movies

He supplementary movie
Movie 5 for Figure 14: Instantaneous vortical structures at G/D=1.0 revealed by virtual dye visualization.

 Video (2.9 MB)
2.9 MB

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