Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Old English Name of the S-Rune and “Sun” in Germanic

  • Douglas P. A. Simms (a1)
Abstract

The name of the Old English s-rune, sigil, as found in various medieval manuscripts, is puzzling, as it is the only Anglo-Saxon rune name that is etymologically a loan word. This article examines the variant spelling found only in MS Codex Vindobonensis 795, arguing that the spelling with is a scribal interpolation. In addressing how an Old High German-speaking scribe might have come to make such an interpolation it is argued that the word sugil found in Continental runica abecedaria ought to be considered an Old High German lexeme relevant to this discussion. A novel etymology for words for ‘sun’ in Germanic is presented, particularly for forms derived from the l-stem variants of the Proto-Indo-European heteroclite.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Department of Foreign Languages and Literature, Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville, Edwardsville, IL 62026, USA [dsimms@siue.edu]
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Wilhelm Braune . 2004. Althochdeutsche Grammatik I: Laut- und Formenlehre . 15th edn., revised by Ingo Reiffenstein . Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag.

Karl Brunner . 1965. Altenglische Grammatik. Nach der angelsächsischen Grammtik von Eduard Sievers. 3rd revised edn. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag.

David Fertig . 1996. Phonology, orthography and the umlaut puzzle. Germanic linguistics: Syntactic and diachronic, ed. by Rosina L. Lippi-Green & Joseph C. Salmons , 169184. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Adolf Gütter . 2011. Frühe Belege für den Umlaut von ahd. /u/ /ō/ und /ū/. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Deutschen Sprache und Literatur 133.113.

Hermann Paul . 1882. Beiträge zur geschichte der lautentwicklung und formenassociation von demselben. 9. Nochmal gotisch au vor vocalen. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Deutschen Sprache und Literatur 8.210221.

John R. R. Tolkien 1932. Sigelwara Land. Medium Ævum 1. 183–96.

John R. R. Tolkien 1934. Sigelwara Land. Medium Ævum 3.95111.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Germanic Linguistics
  • ISSN: 1470-5427
  • EISSN: 1475-3014
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-germanic-linguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 10
Total number of PDF views: 49 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 158 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 23rd February 2017 - 22nd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.