Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Open Syllable Lengthening in Middle Dutch: Evidence from Verse

  • Johanneke Sytsema (a1) and Aditi Lahiri (a1)
Abstract

This paper attempts to determine a more precise timeline for the onset of Open Syllable Lengthening in Dutch. We examined two late 14th-century Brabantic texts in the Manuscript Marshall 29 (1375 AD), Mellibeus and Saladijn, and compared these with an older Brabantic text Lutgart to ascertain when exactly Open Syllable Lengthening originated in (Brabantic) Middle Dutch. A combination of diachronic correspondences and a careful examination of the texts written in verse during the course of approximately 75 years has helped us to establish the synchronic systems of 13th- and 14th-century Middle Dutch, and, furthermore, has allowed us to determine the onset of prosodic changes such as Open Syllable Lengthening. Orthographic, rhythmic, and metrical evidence from the three texts suggests that the process was incomplete in the earliest period and was finalized in the late 14th century in Brabant, thereby refuting the standard assumption that the lengthening was completed before the onset of Middle Dutch in general.*

Copyright
Corresponding author
Faculty of Linguistics, Philology and Phonetics, University of Oxford, Clarendon Institute, Walton Street, Oxford OX1 2HG, UK, [aditi.lahiri@ling-phil.ox.ac.uk], [johanneke.sytsema@ling-phil.ox.ac.uk]
References
Hide All
Booij, Geert. 1995. The phonology of Dutch. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Bosworth, Joseph, Toller, Thomas Northcote, & Campbell, Alistair. 1964. An Anglo-Saxon dictionary, based on the manuscript collections of the late Joseph Bosworth. London: Oxford University Press.
Dresher, B. Elan, & Lahiri, Aditi. 1991. The Germanic foot: Metrical coherence in Germanic. Linguistic Inquiry 22. 251286.
Dresher, B. Elan, & Lahiri, Aditi. 2005. Main stress left in Middle English. Historical linguistics 2003 (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 257), ed. by Fortescue, Michael, Jensen, Eva Skafte, Mogensen, Jens Erik, & Sch⊘sler, Lene, 7485. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Fikkert, Paula. 2000. Prosodic variation in ‘Lutgart’. Analogy, levelling, markedness. Principles of change in phonology and morphology, ed. by Lahiri, Aditi, 301332. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Fikkert, Paula, Elan Dresher, B., & Lahiri, Aditi. 2006. Prosodic preferences: From Old English to Early Modern English. The Handbook of the History of English, ed. by van Kemenade, Ans & Bettelou, Los, 125150. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Franck, Johannes. 1910. Mittelniederländische grammatik: mit lesestücken und glossar. Zweite, neubearbeitete Aufl. Leipzig: Herm. Tauchnitz.
Goossens, Jan, Verleyen, Geert, & De Wulf, Chris. 1998. Fonologische atlas van de nederlandse dialecten. Gent: Koninklijke Academie voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde.
Gussenhoven, Carlos. 2009. Vowel duration, syllable quantity, and stress in Dutch. The nature of the word. Essays in honor of Paul Kiparsky, ed. by Hanson, Kristin & Inkelas, Sharon, 181198. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Gysseling, Maurits, & Pijnenburg, Willem (eds.). 1977. Corpus van Middelnederlandse teksten (tot en met het jaar 1300). ‘s-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff.
Halle, Morris, & Keyser, Samuel Jay. 1966. Chaucer and the study of prosody. College English 28. 187219.
Idsardi, William. 1994. Open and closed feet in Old English. Linguistic Inquiry 25. 522533.
Kienhorst, Hans. 2005. Hoe moet zo'n boek genoemd worden? Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Filologie en Geschiedenis 83. 785817.
Kroonen, Guus. 2013. Etymological dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Leiden: Brill.
Labov, William. 1994. Principles of language change: Internal factors. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Lahiri, Aditi. 2015. Change in word prosody. Stress and quantity. Oxford handbook of historical phonology, ed. by Honeybone, Patrick & Salmons, Joseph, 219244. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lahiri, Aditi, & Elan Dresher, B.. 1999. Open syllable lengthening in West Germanic. Language 75. 678719.
Lahiri, Aditi, & Fikkert, Paula. 1999. Trisyllabic shortening in English: Past and present. English Language and Linguistics 3. 229267.
Minkova, Donka. 1982. The environment for open syllable lengthening in Middle English. Folia Linguistica Historica 3. 2958.
Minkova, Donka. 1985. Of rhyme and reason: Some foot-governed quantity changes in English. Papers from the 4th International Conference on English Theoretical Linguistics, ed. by Roger Eaton, Olga Fisher, Willem F. Koopman, & Frederike van der Leek, 163178. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Philippa, Marlies, Debrabandere, Frans, Quack, Arend, Schoonheim, Tanneke, & van der Sijs, Nicoline. 2003–2009. Etymologisch woordenboek van het Nederlands. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Pijnenburg, Willem, van Dalen-Oskam, Karina, Schoonheim, Katrien Depuydt Tanneke, & van der Horst, Joop. 1997. Vroegmiddelnederlands (circa 1200–1350). van den Toorn, Pijnenburg, van Leuvensteijn, & van der Horst 1997, 69145.
Russom, Geoffrey. 1987. Old English meter and linguistic theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schönfeld, Moritz. 1947. Schönfeld's Historische grammatica van het Nederlands: klankleer, vormleer, woordvorming, 8e druk 1970. Zutphen: W. J. Thieme.
Sytsema, Johanneke, Grijzenhout, Janet, & Lahiri, Aditi. 2014. Middle Dutch back vowels in rhymes. Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 17. 157183.
Te Winkel, Lamert Allard. 1863. Grondbeginselen der Nederlandsche spelling. Ontwerp der spelling voor het aanstaande Nederlandsch Woordenboek. Leiden: Noothoven van Goor.
Toorn, Maarten van den, Pijnenburg, Willem, van Leuvensteijn, Arjan, & van der Horst, Joop (eds.). 1997. Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse Taal. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Van den Berg, Evert, & Berteloot, Amand. 1994. Van dichter tot kopiist. Een dialectgeografisch onderzoek. Tijdschrift voor Nederlandse Taal- en Letterkunde 110. 3454.
Van Bree, Cor. 1987. Historische Grammatica van het Nederlands. Dordrecht: Foris Publications.
Van Loey, Adolphe. 1968. Middelnederlandse spraakkunst, I Vormleer, II Klankleer. Groningen: Tjeenk Willink & Wolters/Noordhoff.
Van Loon, Jozef. 2014. Historische fonologie van het Nederlands. Schoten: Uitgeverij Universitas.
Van Oostrom, Frits. 1992. Aanvaard dit werk. Over Middelnederlandse auteurs en hun publiek. Amsterdam: Prometheus.
Verwijs, Eelco, Verdam, Jacob, de Vreese, Willem, Lieftinck, Gerard Isaac, & Beekman, Anton Albert. 1885. Middelnederlandsch woordenboek. ‘s-Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff.
Vries, Matthias de, & Winkel, Lamert Allard te. 1882. Woordenboek der Nederlansche Taal. 's-Gravenhage: Nijhoff.
Weijnen, Antonius Angelus. 1958. Nederlandse dialectkunde (Taalkundige bijdragen van Noord en Zuid 10). Assen: Van Gorcum.
Willemyns, Roland, & van der Horst, Joop. 1997. Laatmiddelnederlands (circa 1350–1550). van den Toorn, Pijnenburg, van Leuvensteijn, & van der Horst 1997, 147225.
Zonneveld, Wim. 2000. Van Afflighem en Chaucer: Het Leven van Sinte Lutgart als jambisch gedicht. Amsterdam: Stichting Neerlandistiek VU/ Munster: Nodus.
Manuscript Marshall 29, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Sytsema, Johanneke. 2014. Manuscript Marshall 29 Diplomatic Edition. Available at http://www.ling-phil.ox.ac.uk/dutch.
Van Veerdeghem, François (ed.). 1899. Leven van Sinte Lutgart (tweede en derde boek). Leiden: E.J. Brill.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Germanic Linguistics
  • ISSN: 1470-5427
  • EISSN: 1475-3014
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-germanic-linguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 52 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 235 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 18th April 2018 - 19th September 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.