Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Relative Clauses in Old High German: A Corpus-Based Statistical Investigation of Their Syntactic and Information-Structural Properties

  • Marco Coniglio (a1), Sonja Linde (a2) and Tom Ruette (a2)
Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the properties of Old High German relative clauses. A striking fact is that the finite verb in these constructions may either precede or follow its object(s). We survey different possible factors proposed in the literature that could determine the relative order of the verb and its objects (VO/OV order), such as type, time, and place of origin of the text, information-structural properties of the object of the relative clause, presence of a relative particle, definiteness of the antecedent, specificity of the referent, and type of the relative clause (restrictive or appositive). Our investigation is based on a corpus of nontranslated texts. It reveals that the only factors that have statistically significant influence on word order are the type of the relative clause and some information-structural properties of the object of the relative clause. *

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Relative Clauses in Old High German: A Corpus-Based Statistical Investigation of Their Syntactic and Information-Structural Properties
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Relative Clauses in Old High German: A Corpus-Based Statistical Investigation of Their Syntactic and Information-Structural Properties
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Relative Clauses in Old High German: A Corpus-Based Statistical Investigation of Their Syntactic and Information-Structural Properties
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Seminar für Deutsche Philologie, Käte-Hamburger-Weg 3, 37073 Göttingen, Germany, [marco.coniglio@phil.uni-goettingen.de]
[sonja.linde@gmx.de]
Faculty of Arts/Research Unit Linguistics, Blijde Inkomststraat 21, P.O. Box 3308, 3000 Leuven, Belgium, [tom.ruette@gmail.com]
References
Hide All
Axel Katrin. 2007. Studies on Old High German syntax. Left sentence periphery, verb placement and verb-second (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 112). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Axel-Tober Katrin. 2012. (Nicht-)kanonische Nebensätze im Deutschen Synchrone und diachrone Aspekte. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Baldauf Kunibert. 1983. Untersuchungen zum Relativsatz in der Luthersprache. Innsbruck: Institut für Germanistik an der Universität Innsbruck, Innsbrucker Germanistische Arbeitsgemeinschaft. Behaghel, Otto. 1932. Deutsche Syntax. Band 4. Heidelberg: Carl Winters Universitätsbuchhandlung.
Braune Wilhelm. 2004. Althochdeutsche Grammatik I. Laut- und Formenlehre. 15. Auflage, bearbeitet von Ingo Reiffenstein. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer.
Coniglio Marco, & Eva Schlachter. 2015a. The properties of the Middle High German “Nachfeld”: Syntax, information structure and linkage in discourse. Historical corpora. Challenges and perspectives (Corpus Linguistics and Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Language 5), ed. by Jost Gippert & Ralf Gehrke, 125136. Tübingen: Narr.
Coniglio Marco& Eva Schlachter. 2015b. Das Nachfeld im Deutschen zwischen Syntax, Informations- und Diskursstruktur: Eine diachrone korpusbasierte Untersuchung. Das Nachfeld im Deutschen. Theorie und Empirie (Reihe Germanistische Linguistik 303), ed. by Hélène Vinckel-Roisin, 141163. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Delbrück Berthold. 1878. Altindische Wortfolge aus dem Śatapathabrāhmana dargestellt. Syntaktische Forschungen III. Halle (Saale): Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhaus.
Delbrück Berthold. 1909. Zu den germanischen Relativsätzen. Leipzig: Teubner.
Delbrück Berthold. 1911. Germanische Syntax IV. Zur Stellung des Verbums. Leipzig: Teubner.
Diels Paul. 1906. Die Stellung des Verbums in der älteren althochdeutschen Prosa. 59. Berlin: Mayer & Müller.
Diesing Molly. 1997. Yiddish VP order and the typology of object movement in Germanic. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 15. 369427.
Fleischer Jürg. 2005. Relativsätze in den Dialekten des Deutschen: Vergleich und Typologie. Linguistik Online 24. 171186.
Fleischmann Klaus. 1973. Verbstellung und Relieftheorie; ein Versuch z. Geschichte d. dt. Nebensatzes. München: Fink.
Frey Werner & Karin Pittner. 1998. Zur Positionierung der Adverbiale im deutschen Mittelfeld. Linguistische Berichte 176. 489534.
Gärtner Hans-Martin. 1998. Does German have V2 relative clauses? (Sprache und Pragmatik 48). Lund: Germanist. Inst. der Univ. Lund.
Gärtner Hans-Martin. 2001. Are there V2 relative clauses in German? Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 3. 97141.
Hinterhölzl Roland. 2004. Language change versus grammar change: What diachronic data reveal about the distinction between core grammar and periphery. Diachronic clues to synchronic grammar (Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 72), ed. by Eric Fuss & Carola Trips, 131160. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Hinterhölzl Roland 2009. The role of information structure in word order variation and word order change. Hinterhölzl & Petrova 2009, 4566.
Hinterhölzl Roland & Svetlana Petrova (eds.). 2009. Information structure and language change: New approaches to word order variation in Germanic. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Hock Hans H. 1991. On the origin and development of relative clauses in early Germanic, with special emphasis on Beowulf. STAEFCRAEFT: Studies in Germanic Linguistics (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 79), ed. by Elmer H. Antonsen & Hans Henrich Hock, 589. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Holler Anke. 2005. Weiterführende Relativsätze. Empirische und theoretische Aspekte. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Kayne Richard Stanley. 1994. The antisymmetry of syntax (Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 25). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kelle Johann. 1869. Die Formen- und Lautlehre der Sprache Otfrids. Regensburg: Manz.
Krause Thomas, & Amir Zeldes. 2016. ANNIS3: A new architecture for generic corpus query and visualization. Digital Scholarship in the Humanities 31.1, 118139.
Lehmann Christian. 1984. Der Relativsatz. Typologie seiner Strukturen, Theorie seiner Funktionen, Kompendium seiner Grammatik. Tübingen: Narr.
Lehmann Winfred P. 1974. Proto-Indo-European syntax. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
Matras Yaron, & Hans-Jürgen Sasse. 1995. Verb-subject order and theticity in European languages (Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 48). Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Petrova Svetlana. 2009. Information structure and word order variation in the OHG Tatian. Hinterhölzl & Petrova 2009, 251279.
Petrova Svetlana, & Roland Hinterhölzl. 2010. Evidence for two types of focus positions in Old High German. Diachronic studies on information structure: Language acquisition and change, ed. by Gisella Ferraresi & Rosemarie Lühr, 189217. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Robinson Orrin W. 1997. Clause subordination and verb placement in the Old High German ‘Isidor’ translation. Heidelberg: Winter.
Schlachter Eva. 2004. Satzstruktur im Althochdeutschen. Eine Skizze zur Position des Verbs im Isidor-Traktat des 8. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge zu Sprache und Sprachen 4. Vorträge der Bochumer Linguistik-Tage der Gesellschaft für Sprache und Sprachen (GESUS) e.V. 2001, ed. by Karin Pittner, Robert Pittner, & Jan Schütte, 179188. München: Lincom Europa.
Schlachter Eva. 2012. Syntax und Informationsstruktur im Althochdeutschen. Untersuchung am Beispiel der Isidor-Gruppe. Heidelberg: Winter.
Schrodt Richard. 2004. Althochdeutsche Grammatik. 2. Syntax (Sammlung Kurzer Grammatiken Germanischer Dialekte). Tübingen: Niemeyer.
Steinmeyer Elias von (ed.). 1916. Die kleineren althochdeutschen Sprachdenkmäler. Digitale Sammlungen der Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Düsseldorf. Berlin: Weidmann. Reprint: Steinmeyer 1971.
Steinmeyer Elias von (ed.). 1971. Die kleineren althochdeutschen Sprachdenkmäler. Digitale Sammlungen der Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Düsseldorf. Dublin: Weidmann.
Tomanetz Karl. 1879. Die Relativsätze bei den althochdeutschen Übersetzern des 8. und 9. Jahrhunderts. Wien: Gerold.
Tomaselli Alessandra.1995. Cases of verb third in Old High German. Clause structure and language change, ed. by Allan Battye & Ian Roberts, 345369. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Weiß Helmut. Forthcoming. Die rechte Peripherie im Althochdeutschen. Zur Verbstellung in dass-Sätzen, ms.
Wunder Dieter. 1965. Der Nebensatz bei Otfrid; Untersuchungen zur Syntax des deutschen Nebensatzes. Heidelberg: Winter.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Germanic Linguistics
  • ISSN: 1470-5427
  • EISSN: 1475-3014
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-germanic-linguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 38
Total number of PDF views: 128 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 359 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 10th May 2017 - 22nd January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.