Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Globalizing St George: English associations in the Anglo-world to the 1930s*

  • Tanja Bueltmann (a1) and Donald M. MacRaild (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

While English nationalism has recently become a subject of significant scholarly consideration, relatively little detailed research has been conducted on the emigrant and imperial contexts, or on the importance of Englishness within a global British identity. This article demonstrates how the importance of a global English identity can be illuminated through a close reading of ethnic associational culture. Examining organizations such as the St George's societies and the Sons of England, the article discusses the evolving character of English identity across North America, Africa, Southeast Asia and the Antipodes. Beginning in the eighteenth century, when English institutions echoed other ethnic organizations by providing sociability and charity to fellow nationals, the article goes on to map the growth of English associationalism within the context of mass migration. It then shows how nationalist imperialism – a broad-based English defence of empire against internal and external threats – gave these associations new meaning in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The article also explores how competitive ethnicity prompted English immigrants to form such societies and how both Irish Catholic hostility in America and Canada and Boer opposition in South Africa challenged the English to assert a more robust ethnic identity. English associationalism evinced coherence over time and space, and the article shows how the English tapped global reservoirs of strength to form ethnic associations that echoed their Irish and Scottish equivalents by undertaking the same sociable and mutual aspects, and lauded their ethnicity in similar fashion.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Katie Pickles , ‘A link in “the great chain of friendship”: the Victoria League in New Zealand’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 33, 1, 2005, pp. 29–50

E. van Heyningen and P. Merrett , ‘“The healing touch”: The Guild of Loyal Women of South Africa, 1900–1912’, South African Historical Journal, 47, November2002, pp. 24–50

Simon Potter , News and the British world, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003

Wendy Webster , Englishness and empire, 1939–1965, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007

Robert Colls , The identity of England, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002

Marjory Harper and Stephen Constantine , Migration and empire, OHBE companion series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, p. 14

Robin Cohen , Global diasporas, 2nd edn, London: Routledge, 2008

Janet Doust , ‘Two English immigrant families in Australia in the nineteenth century’, History of the Family, 13, 2008, pp. 2–25

Lisa Chilton , ‘Managing migrants: Toronto, 1820–1880’, Canadian Historical Review, 92, 2, 2011, p. 248

John Lambert , ‘South African British? Or Dominion South Africans? The evolution of an identity in the 1910s and 1920s’, South African Historical Journal, 43, 2000, p. 206

James Watson , ‘English associationalism in the British Empire: Yorkshire societies in New Zealand before the First World War’, Britain and the World, 4, 2011, pp. 84–108

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Global History
  • ISSN: 1740-0228
  • EISSN: 1740-0236
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-global-history
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 7
Total number of PDF views: 49 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 203 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 26th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.