Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Behson, Scott J. and Koppl, Roger 2013. Using Procedural Justice to Understand, Explain, and Prevent Decision-Making Errors in Forensic Sciences. Organization Management Journal, Vol. 10, Issue. 2, p. 99.


    Christian, Donnell 2011. How the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) Can Improve Forensic Laboratory Quality. Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. 18.


    ×

Organization economics explains many forensic science errors

  • ROGER KOPPL (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1744137409990245
  • Published online: 01 January 2010
Abstract
Abstract:

Judge Posner (2010) has identified an important lacuna in law and economics, namely a tendency to ignore organization theory. I will apply the tools of organization theory to an area almost completely neglected in law and economics, forensic science. Posner points us to tools we should make use of; I am pointing to an application we have neglected. Forensic science today is characterized by a twofold monopoly. First, evidence is typically examined by one crime lab only. Second, that same lab will normally be the only one to offer an interpretation of the results of the examination it performs. Crime labs today are typically organized under law enforcement agencies, which may create conscious and unconscious biases in favor of police and prosecution. These organizational features of forensic science today encourage errors and wrongful convictions.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Email: koppl@fdu.edu.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

K. Baicker and M. Jacobson (2007), ‘Finders keepers: forfeiture laws, policing incentives, and local budgets’, Journal of Public Economics, 91 (11): 21132136.

B. Benson , D. Rasmussen , and D. Sollars (1995), ‘Police bureaucracies, their incentives, and the war on drugs’, Public Choice, 83: 2145.

Mathias Dewatripont , Ian Jewitt , and Jean Tirole (2000), ‘Multitask agency problems: focus and task clustering’, European Economic Review, 44: 869877.

Itiel Dror , David Charlton , and Ailso E. Péron (2006), ‘Contextual information renders experts vulnerable to making erroneous identifications’, Forensic Science International, 156: 7478.

Bengt Holmstrom and Paul Milgrom (1991), ‘Multitask principal-agent analyses: incentive contracts, asset ownership, and job design’, Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 7(special issue): 2452.

Roger Koppl (2005a), ‘How to improve forensic science’, European Journal of Law and Economics, 20 (3): 255286.

Roger Koppl (2010), ‘Romancing forensics: legal failure in forensic science administration’, in Edward Lopez (ed.), The Pursuit of Justice: Law and Economics of Legal System, New York: Macmillan.

Dan Krane and ten others (2008), ‘Sequential unmasking: a means of minimizing observer effects in forensic DNA interpretation’, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 53 (4): 10061007.

Kenneth Novak and Robin S. Engel (2005), ‘Disentangling the influence of suspects’ demeanor and mental disorder on arrest’, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategy and Management, 28 (5): 493512.

Michael Risinger , Michael J. Saks , William C. Thompson , and Robert Rosenthal (2002), ‘The Daubert/Kumho implications of observer effects in forensic science: hidden problems of expectation and suggestion’, California Law Review, 90 (1): 156.

Michael Saks and Jonathon J. Koehler (2005), ‘The coming paradigm shift in forensic identification science’, Science, 309: 892895.

William C. Thompson (2009), ‘Painting the target around the matching profile: the Texas sharpshooter fallacy in forensic DNA interpretation’, Law, Probability and Risk, 8 (3): 233255.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Institutional Economics
  • ISSN: 1744-1374
  • EISSN: 1744-1382
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-institutional-economics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×