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Public Choice barriers to efficient climate adaptation – theoretical insights and lessons learned from German flood disasters

  • ERIK GAWEL (a1) (a2), PAUL LEHMANN (a1) (a3), SEBASTIAN STRUNZ (a1) and CLEMENS HEUSON (a1)
Abstract

In this paper, we take a Public Choice perspective to identify and categorise barriers to efficient public climate adaptation. Specifically, we distinguish three dimensions of public adaptation: extent, structure (form and timing) and organisation (coordination across territorial authorities and policy fields). Within each of these dimensions, we investigate how the self-interest of voters, pressure groups, bureaucrats and politicians may bias adaptation decisions. Thus, we indicate specific barriers to efficient public adaptation. Based on this framework, we illustrate how Germany's response to major flood disasters reflects the incentive structure of concerned stakeholders and their political interaction. The ad hoc character of some public adaptation measures implies a clear bias from the efficient benchmark. In conclusion, we argue that the propositions of Public Choice theory shed some light on how empirical public adaptation processes unfold.

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Corresponding author
*Email: erik.gawel@ufz.de
**Email: paul.lehmann@ufz.de
***Email: sebastian.strunz@ufz.de
****Email: c.heuson@gmx.de
References
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