Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Coronal segments in Irish English

  • Raymond Hickey (a1)
Extract

One of the most salient differences between Irish English and Standard English (in the sense of Received Pronunciation, Gimson, 1980:89 ff.) lies in the realization of coronal segments. I use this term in the standard sense of Chomsky and Halle (1968:304) and intend it to be understood as a convenient means of referring to several groups of sounds which happen to have in common that they all involve the raising of the point or blade of the tongue from a putative neutral position. In using this term I do not necessarily pledge my support to its effectiveness in phonological description (see 3.1 below for a discussion of distinctive features with reference to Irish English). Precisely what segments are involved here will be clear from the remarks below. Before starting however, a word on the term Irish English is called for: by it I mean the variety of English spoken in the Republic of Ireland (on this see Barry, 1982:101 ff.) as the phenomena which I will be discussing are either not at all or only partially found in the variety of English spoken in Northern Ireland (consider the realizations of / t /and / d / discussed below which are unique to the Republic). Furthermore I have allowed myself the generalization Irish English although there is considerable variety in the English spoken in the Republic of Ireland. But the term Irish English is used in a fairly restricted sense here: it refers to urban middle-class speech. This excludes contact Irish English (in the areas officially designated as a ‘Gaeltacht’ (Irish-speaking area) in which both Irish and English are spoken), rural Irish English and lower class urban English. References to, and comments on these latter varieties are labelled specifically as such.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Adams, G. (1967). Phonemic systems in collision in Ulster English. In Zeitschrift für Mundartforschung (Beiheft), 16.
Anderson, J. M. (1969). Syllabic or non-syllabic phonology. JL 5. 136142.
Andronov, M. (1970). Dravidian languages. Moscow: Nauka.
Barry, M. V. (1982). The English language in Ireland. In Bailey, R. W. & Görlach, M. (eds), English as a world language. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 84133.
Bertz, S. (1975). Der Dubliner Stadtdialekt. Teil I: Phonologie. Dissertation, Freiburg im Breisgau.
Bliss, A. (1971). Languages in contact: some problems of Hiberno-English. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy.
Chomsky, N. & Halle, M. (1968). The sound pattern of English. New York: Harper and Row.
De Bhaldraithe, T. (1945). The Irish of Cois Fhairrge, Co. Galway. Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
Dixon, R. M. W. (1980). The languages of Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Emeneau, M. B. (1958). Toda: a Dravidian language. TPhS 1958. 1566.
Gimson, A. C. (1980). An introduction to the pronunciation of English, 3rd edition. London: Edward Arnold.
Halle, M. & Keyser, S. (1971). English stress: its form, its growth, and its role in verse. New York: Harper and Row.
Henry, P. (1957). An Anglo-Irish dialect of North Roscommon. Zürich: Aschmann & Scheller.
Hickey, R. (1982). The phonology of English loan words in Inis Meáin Irish. Ériu 33. 137156.
Hickey, R. (in press a). Possible phonological parallels between Irish and Irish English. English as a World Language.
Hickey, R. (in press b). Remarks on assimilation in Old English. Folia Linguistica Historica.
Hickey, R. (forthcoming a). The phonology of Modern Irish.
Hickey, R. (forthcoming b). R-coloured vowels in Irish English.
Hickey, R. (forthcoming c). Stress and syllabification in Irish English.
Hickey, R.(forthcoming d). On explaining metathesis.
Higginbottom, E. (1964). Glottal reinforcement in English. TPhS 1964. 143169.
Hogan, J. (1934). An outline of English philology, chiefly for Irish students. Dublin: Educational Company of Ireland.
Joyce, P. (1979 [1910]). English as we speak it in Ireland. Dublin: Wolfhound Press.
Ladefoged, P. (1982). Preliminaries to linguistic phonetics, 2nd edition. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Lehiste, I. (1970). Suprasegmentals. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Pilch, H. (1959). Neue Wege der englischen Phonetik. Anglia 77. 407428.
Selkirk, E. (1982). The syllable. In van der Hulst, H. and Smith, N. (eds), The structure of phonological representations, 2. Dordrecht: Foris. 337383.
Wells, J. C. (1982). Accents of English, 2: The British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Linguistics
  • ISSN: 0022-2267
  • EISSN: 1469-7742
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-linguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed