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Definiteness marking and the structure of Danish pseudopartitives1

  • JORGE HANKAMER (a1) and LINE MIKKELSEN (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022226708005148
  • Published online: 01 June 2008
Abstract

The Danish pseudopartitive constructions differ in their possibilities of definiteness marking: the Indirect Partitive Construction (IPC) (D N1 P N2) permits N1 to bear the definite suffix, while the Direct Partitive Construction (DPC) (D N1 N2) does not; in addition, neither construction permits the prenominal definite article in the absence of a prenominal modifier. Drawing on previous work regarding the morphosyntax of definiteness marking in Danish, we use the distribution of definiteness marking as a probe to illuminate the structure of the pseudopartitive constructions. Our conclusion is that despite superficial similarities the two constructions are quite different in structure, the IPC having a lexical N head and a PP complement, and the DPC a functional n head with an NP complement, forming a single extended projection of N2. These assumptions allow us to account for a number of differences in the behavior of these constructions, shedding light on the nature of pseudopartitives as well as on the theory of extended projections.

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Authors' addresses: Department of Linguistics, Stevenson College, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, U.S.A.hank@ucsc.edu
Department of Linguistics, 1203 Dwinelle Hall, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720-2650, U.S.A.mikkelsen@berkeley.edu
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Part of this material was presented at UC Santa Cruz and at the 80th annual meeting of the Linguistic Society of America in Albuquerque. We thank both audiences for their comments. We also thank Jane Grimshaw, Lars Heltoft, and Torodd Kinn for sharing their work on pseudopartitives with us, Henk van Riemsdijk for providing us with a copy of Vos (1999), and Bjarne Ørsnes for providing us with a copy of Daugaard (1994). Nick Fleisher and Maziar Toosarvandani read an earlier version of the paper and the current version has benefited greatly from their comments and from the comments of two anonymous JL reviewers. The work of the first author was supported by a grant from the Institute for Humanities Research at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Artemis Alexiadou & Chris Wilder (eds.). 1998. Possessors, predicates and movement in the determiner phrase. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Chris Barker . 1998. Partitives, double genitives and anti-uniqueness. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 16, 679717.

Valentina Bianchi . 1999. Consequences of antisymmetry: Headed relative clauses. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Danny Fox . 2002. Antecedent-contained deletion and the copy theory of movement. Linguistic Inquiry 33, 6396.

Jacob Hoeksema (ed.). 1996. Partitives: Studies on the syntax and semantics of partitive and related constructions. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Elisabeth Löbel . 1989. Q as a functional category. In Bhatt Christa , Löbel Elisabeth & Schmidt Claudia Maria (eds.) Syntactic phrase structure phenomena in noun phrases and sentences, 133157. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Henk van Riemsdijk . 1998. Categorial feature magnetism: The endocentricity and distribution of projections. Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 2, 148.

Ian Roberts & Anna Roussou . 2002. The history of the future. In W. Lightfoot David (ed.) Syntactic effects of morphological change, 2356. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Roger Schwarzschild . 2002. The grammar of measurement. In Jackson Brendan (ed.) SALT 12, 225245. Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications.

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Journal of Linguistics
  • ISSN: 0022-2267
  • EISSN: 1469-7742
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