Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 10446
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Fernández-Valdés, D. Hernández-Gómez, L. H. Trejo-Valdéz, M. Torres-Torres, C. Beltrán-Fernández, J. A. León-Lugo, N. M. and Urriolagoitia-Calderón, G. 2017. Properties and Characterization of Modern Materials.


    Abe, AT Youssef, MN and Turbino, ML 2016. Effect of Bleaching Agents on the Nanohardness of Tooth Enamel, Composite Resin, and the Tooth-Restoration Interface. Operative Dentistry, Vol. 41, Issue. 1, p. 44.


    Abedinzadeh, Reza Safavi, Seyed Mohsen and Karimzadeh, Fathallah 2016. A study of pressureless microwave sintering, microwave-assisted hot press sintering and conventional hot pressing on properties of aluminium/alumina nanocomposite. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, Vol. 30, Issue. 5, p. 1967.


    Abousleiman, Y. N. Hull, K. L. Han, Y. Al-Muntasheri, G. Hosemann, P. Parker, S. and Howard, C. B. 2016. The granular and polymer composite nature of kerogen-rich shale. Acta Geotechnica, Vol. 11, Issue. 3, p. 573.


    Adamiak, Stanisław Bochnowski, Wojciech Dziedzic, Andrzej Filip, Ryszard and Szeregij, Eugeniusz 2016. Structure and Properties of the Aluminide Coatings on the Inconel 625 Superalloy. High Temperature Materials and Processes, Vol. 35, Issue. 1,


    Adema, Koen N.S. Makki, Hesam Peters, Elias A.J.F. Laven, Jozua van der Ven, Leendert G.J. van Benthem, Rolf A.T.M. and de With, Gijsbertus 2016. The influence of the exposure conditions on the chemical and physical changes of polyester–urethane coatings during photodegradation. Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 123, p. 13.


    Aghababaei, Ramin Warner, Derek H. and Molinari, Jean-Francois 2016. Critical length scale controls adhesive wear mechanisms. Nature Communications, Vol. 7, p. 11816.


    Ahn, Byungmin Lee, Han-Joo Choi, In-Chul Kawasaki, Megumi Jang, Jae-Il and Langdon, Terence G. 2016. Micro-Mechanical Behavior of an Exceptionally Strong Metal Matrix Nanocomposite Processed by High-Pressure Torsion . Advanced Engineering Materials, Vol. 18, Issue. 6, p. 1001.


    Akatsu, Takashi Numata, Shingo Demura, Takamitsu Shinoda, Yutaka and Wakai, Fumihiro 2016. Representative indentation yield stress evaluated by behavior of nanoindentations made with a point sharp indenter. Mechanics of Materials, Vol. 92, p. 1.


    Alao, Abdur-Rasheed and Yin, Ling 2016. Assessment of Elasticity, Plasticity and Resistance to Machining-induced Damage of Porous Pre-sintered Zirconia Using Nanoindentation Techniques. Journal of Materials Science & Technology, Vol. 32, Issue. 5, p. 402.


    Ali, Sharafat Paul, Biplab Magnusson, Roger Greczynski, Grzegorz Broitman, Esteban Jonson, Bo Eklund, Per and Birch, Jens 2016. Novel transparent MgSiON thin films with high hardness and refractive index. Vacuum, Vol. 131, p. 1.


    Alisafaei, Farid Han, Chung-Souk and Garg, Nitin 2016. On couple-stress elasto-plastic constitutive frameworks for glassy polymers. International Journal of Plasticity, Vol. 77, p. 30.


    Alizadeh, O. Tolooei Eshlaghi, G. and Mohammadi, S. 2016. Nanoindentation simulation of coated aluminum thin film using quasicontinuum method. Computational Materials Science, Vol. 111, p. 12.


    Almotairi, Abdullah Warkentin, Andrew and Farhat, Zoheir 2016. Mechanical damage of hard chromium coatings on 416 stainless steel. Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 66, p. 130.


    Alstadt, Kristin N. Katti, Kalpana S. and Katti, Dinesh R. 2016. Nanoscale Morphology of Kerogen and In Situ Nanomechanical Properties of Green River Oil Shale. Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics, Vol. 6, Issue. 1, p. 04015003.


    Altan, Ahmet Damlar, İbrahim and Şahin, Osman 2016. Can Resorbable Fixation Screws Replace Titanium Fixation Screws? A Nano-Indentation Study. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 74, Issue. 7, p. 1421.e1.


    Amdouni, Hatem Bouzaiene, Hassen Montagne, Alex Nasri, Mustapha and Iost, Alain 2016. Modeling and optimization of a ball-burnished aluminum alloy flat surface with a crossed strategy based on response surface methodology. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology,


    Amiri, Sina Chen, Xi Manes, Andrea and Giglio, Marco 2016. Investigation of the mechanical behaviour of lithium-ion batteries by an indentation technique. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol. 105, p. 1.


    Andriollo, Tito and Hattel, Jesper 2016. On the isotropic elastic constants of graphite nodules in ductile cast iron: Analytical and numerical micromechanical investigations. Mechanics of Materials, Vol. 96, p. 138.


    Andriollo, Tito Thorborg, Jesper Tiedje, Niels and Hattel, Jesper 2016. A micro-mechanical analysis of thermo-elastic properties and local residual stresses in ductile iron based on a new anisotropic model for the graphite nodules. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 24, Issue. 5, p. 055012.


    ×

An improved technique for determining hardness and elastic modulus using load and displacement sensing indentation experiments

  • W.C. Oliver (a1) and G.M. Pharr (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/JMR.1992.1564
  • Published online: 01 January 2011
Abstract

The indentation load-displacement behavior of six materials tested with a Berkovich indenter has been carefully documented to establish an improved method for determining hardness and elastic modulus from indentation load-displacement data. The materials included fused silica, soda–lime glass, and single crystals of aluminum, tungsten, quartz, and sapphire. It is shown that the load–displacement curves during unloading in these materials are not linear, even in the initial stages, thereby suggesting that the flat punch approximation used so often in the analysis of unloading data is not entirely adequate. An analysis technique is presented that accounts for the curvature in the unloading data and provides a physically justifiable procedure for determining the depth which should be used in conjunction with the indenter shape function to establish the contact area at peak load. The hardnesses and elastic moduli of the six materials are computed using the analysis procedure and compared with values determined by independent means to assess the accuracy of the method. The results show that with good technique, moduli can be measured to within 5%.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.J. B. Pethica , R. Hutchings , and W. C. Oliver , Philos. Mag. A 48, 593 (1983).

4.J. B. Pethica , in Ion Implantation into Metals, edited by V. Ashworth , W. Grant , and R. Procter (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1982), pp. 147156.

5.J. L. Loubet , J. M. Georges , O. Marchesini , and G. Meille , J. Tribology 106, 43 (1984).

6.D. Newey , M. A. Wilkens , and H. M. Pollock , J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum. 15, 119 (1982).

10.W. C. Oliver , C. J. McHargue , and S. J. Zinkle , Thin Solid Films 153, 185 (1987).

13.A. E. H. Love , Philos. Trans. A 228, 377 (1929).

16.I. N. Sneddon , Int. J. Engng. Sci. 3, 47 (1965).

18.D. Tabor , Proc. R. Soc. A 192, 247 (1948).

19.N. A. Stillwell and D. Tabor , Proc. Phys. Soc. London 78, 169 (1961).

27.A. K. Bhattacharya and W. D. Nix , Int. J. Solids Structures 24, 881 (1988).

28.G. M. Pharr , W. C. Oliver , and D. R. Clarke , Scripta Metall. 23, 1949 (1989).

29.G. M. Pharr , W. C. Oliver , and D. R. Clarke , J. Elec. Mater. 19, 881 (1990).

30.G. M. Pharr , W. C. Oliver , and D. S. Harding , J. Mater. Res. 6, 1129 (1991).

36.G. R. Anstis , P. Chantikul , B. R. Lawn , and D. B. Marshall , J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 533 (1981).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×