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    Hayashi, Hiroyuki and Nakano, Hiromi 2010. Evaluation and preparation of Li1+x−yNb1−x−3yTix+4yO3 solid solution with superstructure as new phosphor. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 502, Issue. 2, p. 360.

    HAYASHI, Hiroyuki NAKANO, Hiromi and JONES, Mark I 2010. Microstructure and luminescence of Eu-doped Li1+x-yNb1-x-3yTix+4yO3 solid solutions with superstructure. Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Vol. 118, Issue. 1375, p. 226.

    Kalinin, Sergei V. Shao, Rui and Bonnell, Dawn A. 2005. Local Phenomena in Oxides by Advanced Scanning Probe Microscopy. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 88, Issue. 5, p. 1077.

    Borisevich, Albina Y. and Davies, Peter K. 2004. Crystalline Structure and Dielectric Properties of Li1+x−yNb1−x−3yTix+4yO3M-Phase Solid Solutions. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 85, Issue. 3, p. 573.

    Bonnell, Dawn A and Shao, Rui 2003. Local behavior of complex materials: scanning probes and nano structure. Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, Vol. 7, Issue. 2, p. 161.

    Kalinin, Sergei V. and Bonnell, Dawn A. 2002. Imaging mechanism of piezoresponse force microscopy of ferroelectric surfaces. Physical Review B, Vol. 65, Issue. 12,


Analysis of phase distributions in the Li2O–Nb2O5–TiO2 system by piezoresponse imaging

  • Albina Y. Borisevich (a1), Sergei V. Kalinin (a1), Dawn A. Bonnell (a1) and Peter K. Davies (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2011

The M-phase solid solutions Li1+xyNb1−x−3yTix+4yO3) (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.3, 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.175) in the Li2O–Nb2O5–TiO2 system have promising microwave dielectric properties. However, these compounds can contain small quantities of ferroelectric impurities that affect the polarization response of the material. Due to their low concentration and their chemical similarity to the host material, the impurities cannot be detected by x-ray diffraction or local elemental analysis. Scanning surface potential microscopy and piezoresponse imaging were used to analyze phase compositions in this system. Piezoresponse imaging demonstrated the presence of thin (<200–300 nm) ferroelectric layers on the grain boundaries oriented along the c-axis of the M-phase. Differences between the surface potential and the piezoresponse of ferroelectric multicomponent systems are discussed.

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Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
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