Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Combinatorial doping of TiO2 with platinum (Pt), chromium (Cr), vanadium (V), and nickel (Ni) to achieve enhanced photocatalytic activity with visible light irradiation

  • Jina Choi (a1), Hyunwoong Park (a2) and Michael R. Hoffmann (a3)
Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) was doped with the combination of several metal ions including platinum (Pt), chromium (Cr), vanadium (V), and nickel (Ni). The doped TiO2 materials were synthesized by standard sol-gel methods with doping levels of 0.1 to 0.5 at.%. The resulting materials were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface-area measurement, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The visible light photocatalytic activity of the codoped samples was quantified by measuring the rate of the oxidation of iodide, the rate of degradation of methylene blue (MB), and the rate of oxidation of phenol in aqueous solutions at λ > 400 nm. 0.3 at.% Pt-Cr-TiO2 and 0.3 at.% Cr-V-TiO2 showed the highest visible light photocatalytic activity with respect to MB degradation and iodide oxidation, respectively. However, none of the codoped TiO2 samples were found to have enhanced photocatalytic activity for phenol degradation when compared to their single-doped TiO2 counterparts.

Copyright
Corresponding author
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: mrh@caltech.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1. R. Asahi , T. Morikawa , T. Ohwaki , K. Aoki , Y. Taga Visible-light photocatalysis in nitrogen-doped titanium oxides. Science 293, 269(2001)

2. M. Mrowetz , W. Balcerski , A.J. Colussi , M.R. Hoffman Oxidative power of nitrogen-doped TiO2 photocatalysts under visible illumination. J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 17269(2004)

3. G. Sauthier , E. Gyorgy , A. Figueras Investigation of nitrogen-doped TiO2 thin films grown by reactive pulsed laser deposition. J. Mater. Res. 23, 2340(2008)

4. T. Umebayashi , T. Yamaki , S. Tanaka , K. Asai Visible light-induced degradation of methylene blue on S-doped TiO2. Chem. Lett. 32, 330(2003)

5. W.Y. Su , Y.F. Zhang , Z.H. Li , L. Wu , X.X. Wang , J.Q. Li , X.Z. Fu Multivalency iodine doped TiO2: Preparation, characterization, theoretical studies, and visible-light photocatalysis. Langmuir 24, 3422(2008)

6. G. Liu , Z.G. Chen , C.L. Dong , Y.N. Zhao , F. Li , G.Q. Lu , H.M. Cheng Visible light photocatalyst: Iodine-doped mesoporous titania with a bicrystalline framework. J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 20823(2006)

7. X.T. Hong , Z.P. Wang , W.M. Cai , F. Lu , J. Zhang , Y.Z. Yang , N. Ma , Y.J. Liu Visible-light-activated nanoparticle photocatalyst of iodine-doped titanium dioxide. Chem. Mater. 17, 1548(2005)

8. J.K. Zhou , L. Lv , J.Q. Yu , H.L. Li , P.Z. Guo , H. Sun , X.S. Zhao Synthesis of self-organized polycrystalline F-doped TiO2 hollow microspheres and their photocatalytic activity under visible light. J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 5316(2008)

9. X.W. Zhang , L.C. Lei One step preparation of visible-light responsive Fe-TiO2 coating photocatalysts by MOCVD. Mater. Lett. 62, 895(2008)

10. X.W. Zhang , M.H. Zhou , L.C. Lei Co-deposition of photocatalytic Fe doped TiO2 coatings by MOCVD. Catal. Commun. 7, 427(2006)

11. W.Y. Teoh , R. Amal , L. Madler , S.E. Pratsinis Flame sprayed visible light-active Fe-TiO2 for photomineralisation of oxalic acid. Catal. Today 120, 203(2007)

12. K. Iketani , R.D. Sun , M. Toki , K. Hirota , O. Yamaguchi Sol-gel-derived VxTi1–xO2 films and their photocatalytic activities under visible light irradiation. Mater. Sci. Eng., B 108, 187(2004)

13. S. Klosek , D. Raftery Visible light driven V-doped TiO2 photocatalyst and its photooxidation of ethanol. J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2815(2001)

14. J.C.S. Wu , C.H. Chen A visible-light response vanadium-doped titania nanocatalyst by sol-gel method. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 163, 509(2004)

15. E. Borgarello , J. Kiwi , M. Gratzel , E. Pelizzetti , M. Visca Visible-light induced water cleavage in colloidal solutions of chromium-doped titanium-dioxide particles. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 104, 2996(1982)

18. S. Kim , S.J. Hwang , W.Y. Choi Visible light active platinum-ion-doped TiO2 photocatalyst. J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 24260(2005)

19. H. Park , W. Choi , M.R. Hoffmann Effects of the preparation method of the ternary CdS/TiO2/Pt hybrid photocatalysts on visible light-induced hydrogen production. J. Mater. Chem. 18, 2379(2008)

20. E. Bae , W. Choi Highly enhanced photoreductive degradation of perchlorinated compounds on dye-sensitized metal/TiO2 under visible light. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 147(2003)

21. W.Y. Choi , A. Termin , M.R. Hoffmann The role of metal-ion dopants in quantum-sized TiO2—Correlation between photoreactivity and charge-carrier recombination dynamics. J. Phys. Chem. 98, 13669(1994)

22. J.H. Chen , M.S. Yao , X.L. Wang Investigation of transition metal ion doping behaviors on TiO2 nanoparticles. J. Nano. Res. 10, 163(2008)

23. A. Di Paola , E. Garcia-Lopez , S. Ikeda , G. Marci , B. Ohtani , L. Palmisano Photocatalytic degradation of organic compounds in aqueous systems by transition metal doped polycrystalline TiO2. Catal. Today 75, 87(2002)

24. S.S. Srinivasan , J. Wade , E.K. Stefanakos , Y. Goswami Synergistic effects of sulfation and co-doping on the visible light photocatalysis of TiO2. J. Alloys Compd. 424, 322(2006)

25. A. Ahmad , J.A. Shah , S. Buzby , S.I. Shah Structural effects of codoping of Nb and Sc in titanium dioxide nanoparticles. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 948(2008)

26. H. Kato , A. Kudo Visible-light-response and photocatalytic activities of TiO2 and SrTiO3 photocatalysts codoped with antimony and chromium. J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 5029(2002)

27. R. Niishiro , H. Kato , A. Kudo Nickel and either tantalum or niobium-codoped TiO2 and SrTiO3 photocatalysts with visible-light response for H2 or O2 evolution from aqueous solutions. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 7, 2241(2005)

28. R. Niishiro , R. Konta , H. Kato , W.J. Chun , K. Asakura , A. Kudo Photocatalytic O2 evolution of rhodium and antimony-codoped rutile-type TiO2 under visible light irradiation. J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 17420(2007)

29. D.E. Huang , S.J. Liao , S.Q. Quan , L. Liu , Z.J. He , J.B. Wan , W.B. Zhou Preparation and characterization of anatase N-F-codoped TiO2 sol and its photocatalytic degradation for formaldehyde. J. Mater. Res. 22, 2389(2007)

30. D. Li , H. Haneda , S. Hishita , N. Ohashi Visible-light-driven N-F-codoped TiO2 photocatalysts. 1. Synthesis by spray pyrolysis and surface characterization. Chem. Mater. 17, 2588(2005)

31. J.G. Yu , M.H. Zhou , B. Cheng , X.J. Zhao Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity of in situ N,S-codoped TiO2 powders. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 246, 176(2006)

32. H.Y. Liu , L. Gao (Sulfur,nitrogen)-codoped rutile-titanium dioxide as a visible-light-activated photocatalyst. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 87, 1582(2004)

33. Y. Sakatani , H. Ando , K. Okusako , H. Koike , J. Nunoshige , T. Takata , J.N. Kondo , M. Hara , K. Domen Metal ion and N co-doped TiO2 as a visible-light photocatalyst. J. Mater. Res. 19, 2100(2004)

34. Y. Sakatani , J. Nunoshige , H. Ando , K. Okusako , H. Koike , T. Takata , J.N. Kondo , M. Hara , K. Domen Photocatalytic decomposition of acetaldehyde under visible light irradiation over La3+ and N co-doped TiO2. Chem. Lett. 32, 1156(2003)

35. C.C. Pan , J.C.S. Wu Visible-light response Cr-doped TiO2–xNx photocatalysts. Mater. Chem. Phys. 100, 102(2006)

36. S. Kim , S-K. Lee Visible light-induced photocatalytic oxidation of 4-chlorophenol and dichloroacetate in intrided Pt-TiO2 aqueous suspensions. J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 203, 145(2009)

37. Z.Y. Zhao , Q.J. Liu Designed highly effective photocatalyst of anatase TiO2 codoped with nitrogen and vanadium under visible-light irradiation using first-principles. Catal. Lett. 124, 111(2008)

38. Y. Wang , Y.L. Meng , H.M. Ding , Y.K. Shan , X. Zhao , X.Z. Tang A highly efficient visible-light-activated photocatalyst based on bismuth- and sulfur-codoped TiO2. J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 6620(2008)

39. Z.Q. He , X. Xu , S. Song , L. Xie , J.J. Tu , J.M. Chen , B. Yan A visible light-driven titanium dioxide photocatalyst codoped with lanthanum and iodine: An application in the degradation of oxalic acid. J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 16431(2008)

40. R.D. Shannon Revised effective ionic-radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and charcogenides. Acta Crystallogr., Sect. A: Found. Crystallogr. 32, 751(1976)

41. N. Serpone , D. Lawless , J. Disdier , J.M. Herrmann Spectroscopic, photoconductivity, and photocatalytic studies of TiO2 colloid—Naked and with the lattice doped with Cr3+, Fe3+, and V5+ cations. Langmuir 10, 643(1994)

42. T. Umebayashi , T. Yamaki , H. Itoh , K. Asai Analysis of electronic structures of 3D transition metal-doped TiO2 based on band calculations. J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 1909(2002)

43. A. Kudo , R. Niishiro , A. Iwase , H. Kato Effects of doping of metal cations on morphology, activity, and visible light response of photocatalysts. Chem. Phys. 339, 104(2007)

44. V.N. Kuznetsov , N. Serpone Visible light absorption by various titanium dioxide specimens. J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 25203(2006)

45. N. Serpone Is the band gap of pristine TiO2 narrowed by anion- and cation-doping of titanium dioxide in second-generation photocatalysts? J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 24287(2006)

46. A.A. Lisachenko , V.N. Kuznetsov , M.N. Zakharov , R.V. Mikhailov The interaction of O2, NO, and N2O with surface defects of dispersed titanium dioxide. Kinet. Catal. 45, 189(2004)

48. R.A. Spurr , H. Myers Quantitative analysis of anatase-rutile mixtures with an x-ray diffractometer. Anal. Chem. 29, 760(1957)

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 32 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 140 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.