Skip to main content Accessibility help

Enhancement of plasticity in Ti-based metallic glass matrix composites by controlling characteristic and volume fraction of primary phase

  • K.R. Lim (a1), J.H. Na (a2), J.M. Park (a3), W.T. Kim (a4) and D.H. Kim (a1)...


In this study, Ti-based metallic glass matrix composites with high plasticity have been developed by controlling characteristic and volume fraction of primary phase embedded in the glass matrix. By careful alloy design procedure, the compositions of β/glass phases, which are in metastable equilibrium have been properly selected, therefore the mechanical properties can be tailored by selecting the alloy compositions between the composition of β and glass phases. The relation between the compressive yield strength and volume fraction of β phase is well described using the rule of mixtures.


Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:


Hide All
1.Byrne, C.J., Eldrup, M.: Bulk metallic glasses. Science 321, 502 (2008)
2.Qin, F.X., Wang, X.M., Xie, G.Q., Inoue, A.: Distinct plastic strain of Ni-free Ti–Zr–Cu–Pd–Nb bulk metallic glasses with potential for biomedical applications. Intermetallics 16, 1026 (2008)
3.Lee, M.L., Li, Y., Schuh, C.A.: Effect of a controlled volume fraction of dendritic phases on tensile and compressive ductility in La-based metallic glass matrix composites. Acta Mater. 52, 4121 (2004)
4.Park, E.S., Kim, D.H.: Design of bulk metallic glasses with high glass forming ability and enhancement of plasticity in metallic glass matrix composites: A review. Met. Mater. Int. 11, 19 (2005)
5.Szuecs, F., Kim, C.P., Johnson, W.L.: Mechanical properties of Zr56.2Ti13.8Nb5.0Cu6.9Ni5.6Be12.5 ductile phase reinforced bulk metallic glass composite. Acta Mater. 49, 1507 (2001)
6.Pekarskaya, E., Kim, C.P., Johnson, W.L.: In situ transmission electron microscopy studies of shear bands in a bulk metallic glass based composite. J. Mater. Res. 16, 9 (2001)
7.Hays, C.C., Kim, C.P., Johnson, W.L.: Improved mechanical behavior of bulk metallic glasses containing in situ formed ductile phase dendrite dispersions. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 304–306, 650 (2001)
8.Jun, H.J., Lee, K.S., Kim, C.P., Chang, Y.W.: Temperature effects on mechanical properties, deformation behavior and formability of Zr–Ti–Cu–Ni–Be–Nb bulk metallic glass composite. Met. Mater. Int. 14, 297 (2008)
9.Huang, Y.L., Bracchi, A., Niermann, T., Seibt, M., Danilov, D., Nestler, B., Schneider, S.: Dendritic microstructure in the metallic glass matrix composite Zr56Ti14Nb5Cu7Ni6Be12. Scr. Mater. 53, 93 (2005)
10.Hofmann, D.C., Suh, J.Y., Wiest, A., Duan, G., Lind, M.L., Demetriou, M.D., Johnson, W.L.: Designing metallic glass matrix composites with high toughness and tensile ductility. Nature 451, 1085 (2008)
11.Park, J.M., Kim, D.H., Kim, K.B., Fleury, E., Lee, M.H., Kim, W.T., Eckert, J.: Enhancement of plasticity in Ti-rich Ti–Zr–Be–Cu–Ni–Ta bulk glassy alloy via introducing the structural inhomogeneity. J. Mater. Res. 23, 2984 (2008)
12.Park, J.M., Chang, H.J., Han, K.H., Kim, W.T., Kim, D.H.: Enhancement of plasticity in Ti-rich Ti–Zr–Be–Cu–Ni bulk metallic glasses. Scr. Mater. 53, 1 (2005)
13.Guo, F., Wang, H.J., Poon, S.J., Shiflet, G.J.: Ductile titanium-based glassy alloy ingots. Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091907 (2005)
14.Lee, S.Y., Kim, C.P., Almer, J.D., Lienert, U., Ustundag, E., Johnson, W.L.: Pseudo-binary phase diagram for Zr-based in situ β phase composites. J. Mater. Res. 22, 2 (2007)
15.Lin, L., Delaey, L., Van Der Biest, O., Wollants, P.: Calculation of isothermal sections of three ternary Ti–Zr–X systems. Scr. Mater. 34, 1411 (1996)
16.He, M.Y., Hutchinson, J.W.: Crack deflection at an interface between dissimilar elastic materials. Int. J. Solids Struct. 25, 1053 (1989)
17.Ikehata, H., Nagasako, N., Furuta, T., Fukumoto, A., Miwa, K., Saito, T.: First-principles calculations for development of low elastic modulus Ti alloys. Phys. Rev. B 70, 174113 (2004)
18.Mei, J.N., Li, J.S., Kou, H.C., Soubeyroux, J.L., Fu, H.Z., Zhou, L.: Formation of Ti–Zr–Ni–Cu–Be–Nb bulk metallic glasses. J. Alloys Compd. 467, 1 (2009)
19.Mantani, Y., Takemoto, Y., Hida, M., Sakakibara, A., Tajima, M.: Phase transformation of α″ martensite structure by aging in Ti-8 mass%Mo alloy. Mater. Trans. 45, (5)1629 (2004)
20.Ping, D.H., Yamabe-Mitarai, Y., Cui, C.Y., Yin, F.X., Choudhry, M.A.: Stress-induced α″ martensitic (110) twinning in β-Ti alloys. Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 1519113 (2008)
21.Balcerzak, A.T., Sass, S.L.: The formation of the ω phase in Ti–Nb alloys. Metall. Trans. 3, 1601 (1972)
22.Xing, H., Sun, J.: Mechanical twinning and omega transition by 〈111〉 {112} shear in a metastable β titanium alloy. Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 031908 (2008)
23.Jin, O., Liu, B.X.: Non-equilibrium solid phases formed by ion mixing in the Zr–Nb system with positive heat of formation. J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, L39 (1994)
24.He, G., Eckert, J., Löser, W., Hagiwara, M.: Composition dependence of the microstructure and the mechanical properties of nano/ultrafine-structured Ti–Cu–Ni–Sn–Nb alloys. Acta Mater. 52, 3035 (2004)
25.Sun, Y.F., Guan, S.K., Wei, B.C., Wang, Y.R., Shek, C.H.: Brittleness of Zr-based bulk metallic glass matrix composites containing ductile dendritic phase. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 406, 57 (2005)
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed