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In situ characterization methods for evaluating microstructure formation and drying kinetics of solution-processed organic bulk-heterojunction films

  • Nusret Sena Güldal (a1), Thaer Kassar (a2), Marvin Berlinghof (a2), Tobias Unruh (a2) and Christoph J. Brabec (a3)...


Recently, in situ characterization methods have attracted increasing attention, especially in organic photovoltaics (OPV) field, since they provide greater insight into the mechanism of film formation, thus help to identify optimized processing conditions used to process the most efficient organic bulk-heterojunction thin films. In combination with various powerful X-ray-based characterization methods, several studies observed the morphological changes under the influence of different processing conditions. In this review, we summarize the fundamentals and implementation of X-ray-based and optical characterization methods, utilized in in situ mode and introduce the reader a better overview of the information acquired from a given technique in terms of microstructure formation in OPV. While we give a chronological development of in situ characterization methods in the field of OPV, we discuss the interplay between thermodynamics of solutions and drying kinetics of different types of organic blends.


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In situ characterization methods for evaluating microstructure formation and drying kinetics of solution-processed organic bulk-heterojunction films

  • Nusret Sena Güldal (a1), Thaer Kassar (a2), Marvin Berlinghof (a2), Tobias Unruh (a2) and Christoph J. Brabec (a3)...


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