Skip to main content

Martensitic transformation in melt-spun Heusler Ni–Mn–Sn–Co ribbons

  • Hongxing Zheng (a1), Wu Wang (a1), Jinke Yu (a1), Qijie Zhai (a2) and Zhiping Luo (a3)...

Heusler Ni–Mn–(Ga, In, Sn, Sb) materials can provide large magnetic-field-induced strain, giant magnetocaloric and magnetoresistance effects based on their first-order solid-state martensitic transformation. In the present work, effects of Co doping on martensitic transformation behavior in melt-spun Ni–Mn–Sn ribbons were studied by x-ray diffraction, scanning/transmission electron microscopy, and thermal analysis. Experimental results showed that both martensitic transition and austenite Curie temperatures increased linearly with Co addition to Ni49Mn39Sn12; and meanwhile, crystal structures of the martensite evolved from four-layered orthorhombic (4O) to five-layered orthorhombic (10M), and then seven-layered monoclinic (14M). The compositional dependence of the martensitic transition temperatures was well correlated with changes of valence electron concentration (e/a) and unit-cell volume of high-temperature austenite. It was proposed that both increase of valence electron concentration and shrinkage of austenite unit-cell volume with Co addition are favorable to the occurrence of martensitic transformation. In addition, the Curie temperature of austenite increases with Co addition, which was ascribed to the enhancement of ferromagnetic exchange interaction.

Corresponding author
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:
Hide All
1.Krenke, T., Duman, E., Acet, M., Wassermann, E.F., Moya, X., Mañosa, LI., Planes, A., Suard, E., and Ouladdiaf, B.: Magnetic superelasticity and inverse magnetocaloric effect in Ni–Mn–In. Phys. Rev. B 75, 104414 (2007).
2.Krenke, T., Duman, E., Acet, M., Wassermann, E.F., Moya, X., Mañosa, LI., and Planes, A.: Inverse magnetocaloric effect in ferromagnetic Ni–Mn–Sn alloys. Nat. Mater. 4, 450 (2005).
3.Koyama, K., Okada, H., Watanabe, K., Kanomata, T., Kainuma, R., Ito, W., Oikawa, K., and Ishida, K.: Observation of large magnetoresistance of magnetic Heusler alloy Ni50Mn36Sn14 in high magnetic fields. Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 182510 (2006).
4.Han, Z.D., Wang, D.H., Zhang, C.L., Xuan, H.C., Gu, B.X., and Du, Y.W.: Low-field inverse magnetocaloric effect in Ni50-xMn39+xSn11 Heusler alloys. Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 042507 (2007).
5.Sharma, V.K., Chattopadhyay, M.K., Kumar, R., Ganguli, T., Tiwari, P., and Roy, S.B.: Magnetocaloric effect in Heusler alloys Ni50Mn34In16 and Ni50Mn34Sn16. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19, 496207 (2007).
6.Chatterje, S., Giri, S., Majumdar, S., and De, S.K.: Giant magnetoresistance and large inverse magnetocaloric effect in Ni2Mn1.36Sn0.64 alloy. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42, 065001 (2009).
7.Zheng, H.X., Wu, D.Z., Xue, S.C., Frenzel, J., Eggeler, G., and Zhai, Q.J.: Martensitic transformation in rapidly solidified Ni49Mn39Sn12 ribbons. Acta Mater. 59(14), 5962 (2011).
8.Krenke, T., Duman, E., Acet, M., Moya, X., Mañosa, LI., and Planes, A.: Effect of Co and Fe on the inverse magnetocaloric properties of Ni-Mn-Sn. J. Appl. Phys. 102, 033903 (2007).
9.Han, Z.D., Wang, D.H., Zhang, C.L., Xuan, H.C., Zhang, J.R., Gu, B.X., and Du, Y.W.: Effect of lattice contraction on martensitic transformation and magnetocaloric effect in Ge doped Ni–Mn–Sn alloys. Mater. Sci. Eng. B 157, 40 (2009).
10.Gao, B., Hu, F.X., Shen, J., Wang, J., Sun, J.R., and Shen, B.G.: Field-induced structural transition and the related magnetic entropy change in Ni43Mn43Co3Sn11 alloy. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321, 2571 (2009).
11.Fukushima, K., Sano, K., Kanomata, T., Nishihara, H., Furutani, Y., Shishido, T., Ito, W., Umetsu, R.Y., Kainuma, R., Oikawa, K., and Ishida, K.: Phase diagram of Fe-substituted Ni–Mn–Sn shape memory alloys. Scr. Mater. 61, 813 (2009).
12.Liu, H.S., Zhang, C.L., Han, Z.D., Xuan, H.C., Wang, D.H., and Du, Y.W.: The effect of Co doping on the magnetic entropy changes in Ni44-xCoxMn45Sn11 alloys. J. Alloys Compd. 467, 27 (2009).
13.Wang, D.H., Zhang, C.L., Xuan, H.C., Han, Z.D., Zhang, J.R., Tang, S.L., Gu, B.X., and Du, Y.W.: The study of low-field positive and negative magnetic entropy changes in Ni43Mn46-xCuxSn11 alloys. J. Appl. Phys. 102, 013909 (2007).
14.Cong, D.Y., Roth, S., and Schultz, L.: Magnetic properties and structural transformations in Ni–Co–Mn–Sn multifunctional alloys. Acta Mater. 60, 5335 (2012).
15.Chen, F., Tong, Y.X., Huang, Y.J., Tian, B., Li, L., and Zheng, Y.F.: Suppression of γ phase in Ni38Co12Mn41Sn9 alloy by melt spinning and its effect on martensitic transformation and magnetic properties. Intermetallics 36, 81 (2013).
16.Santos, J.D., Sanchez, T., Alvarez, P., Sanchez, M.L., Sánchez Llamazares, J.L., Hernando, B., Escoda, LI., Suñol, J.J., and Varga, R.: Microstructure and magnetic properties of Ni50Mn37Sn13 Heusler alloy ribbons. J. Appl. Phys. 103, 07B326 (2008).
17.Hernando, B., Sánchez Llamazares, J.L., Santos, J.D., Escoda, LI., Suñol, J.J., Varga, R., Baldomir, D., and Serantes, D.: Thermal and magnetic field-induced martensite-austenite transition in Ni50.3Mn35.3Sn14.4 ribbons. Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 042504 (2008).
18.Babita, I., Patil, S.I., and Ram, S.: First order structural transformation and inverse magnetocaloric effect in melt-spun Ni–Mn–Sn ribbons. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 43, 205002 (2010).
19.Wu, D.Z., Xue, S.C., Frenzel, J., Eggeler, G., Zhai, Q.J., and Zheng, H.X.: Atomic ordering effect in Ni50Mn37Sn13 magnetocaloric ribbons. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 534, 568 (2012).
20.Smit, J.: Magnetism in Hume-Rothery alloys. J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. 8, 2139 (1978).
21.Zayak, A.T., Adeagbo, W.A., Entel, P., and Rabe, K.M.: e/a dependence of the lattice instability of cubic Heusler alloys from first principles. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111903 (2006).
22.Krenke, T., Moya, X., Aksoy, S., Acet, M., Entel, P., Mañosa, LI., Planes, A., Elerman, Y., Yücel, A., and Wassermann, E.F.: Electronic aspects of the martensitic transition in Ni–Mn based Heusler alloys. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 310, 2788 (2007).
23.Kokorin, V.V., Osipenko, I.A., and Shirina, T.V.: Phase transitions in alloys Ni2MnGaxIn1-x . Phys. Met. Metallogr. 67, 173 (1989).
24.Chen, X.Q., Yang, F.J., Lu, X., and Qin, Z.X.: The way composition affects martensitic transformation temperatures of Ni–Mn–Ga Heusler alloys. Phys. Status Solidi B 244(3), 1047 (2007).
25.Dogan, E., Karaman, I., Singh, N., Chivukula, A., Thawabi, H.S., and Arroyave, R.: The effect of electronic and magnetic valences on the martensitic transformation of CoNiGa shape memory alloys. Acta Mater. 60, 3545 (2012).
26.Williams, A.R., Moruzzi, V.L., Malozemoff, A.P., and Terakura, K.: Generalized Slater-Pauling curve for transition-metal magnets. IEEE Trans. Magn. 19(5), 1983 (1983).
27.Zheng, H.X., Wang, W., Xue, S.C., Zhai, Q.J., Frenzel, J., and Luo, Z.P.: Composition-dependent crystal structure and martensitic transformation in Heusler Ni–Mn–Sn alloys. Acta Mater. 61, 4648 (2013).
28.Wang, W., Yu, J.K., Zhai, Q.J., Luo, Z.P., and Zheng, H.X.: Co-doping effect on the martensitic transformation and magnetic properties of Ni49Mn39Sn12 alloy. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 346, 103 (2013).
29.Fecher, G.H., Kandpal, H.C., Wurmehl, S., Felser, C., and Schönhense, G.J.: Slater-Pauling rule and Curie temperature of Co2-based Heusler compounds. J. Appl. Phys. 99, 08J106 (2006).
30.Sato, M., Okazaki, T., Furuya, Y., and Wuttig, M.: Magnetostrictive and shape memory properties of Heusler type Co2NiGa alloys. Mater. Trans. 44(3), 372 (2003).
31.Liu, J., Xia, M.X., Huang, Y.L., Zheng, H.X., and Li, J.G.: Effect of annealing on the microstructure and martensitic transformation of magnetic shape memory alloys CoNiGa. J. Alloys Compd. 417(1–2), 96 (2006).
32.Şaşıoğlu, E, Sandratskii, L.M., and Bruno, P.: First-principles calculation of the intersublattice exchange interactions and Curie temperatures of the full Heusler alloys Ni2MnX (X=Ga,In,Sn,Sb). Phys. Rev. B 70, 024427 (2004).
33.Ma, L., Zhang, H.W., Yu, S.Y., Zhu, Z.Y., Chen, J.L., Wu, G.H., Liu, H.Y., Qu, J.P., and Li, Y.X.: Magnetic-field-induced martensitic transformation in MnNiGa:Co alloys. Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 032509 (2008).
34.Stager, C.V. and Campbell, C.C.M.: Antiferromagnetic order in the Heusler alloy, Ni2Mn(MnxSn1-x). Can. J. Phys. 56, 674 (1978).
35.Kurtulus, Y., Dronskowski, Y.R., Samolyuk, G.D., and Antropov, V.P.: Electronic structure and magnetic exchange coupling in ferromagnetic full Heusler alloys. Phys. Rev. B 72, 014425 (2005).
36.Han, Z.D., Chen, J., Qian, B., Zhang, P., Jiang, X.F., Wang, D.H., and Du, Y.W.: Phase diagram and magnetocaloric effect in Mn2Ni1.64-xCoxSn0.36 alloys. Scr. Mater. 66, 121 (2012).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 69 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 327 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 16th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.