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Nanoindentation of high-purity vapor deposited lithium films: A mechanistic rationalization of diffusion-mediated flow

  • Erik G. Herbert (a1), Stephen A. Hackney (a1), Violet Thole (a1), Nancy J. Dudney (a2) and P. Sudharshan Phani (a3)...

Abstract

Nanoindentation experiments performed in 5 and 18 μm thick vapor deposited polycrystalline lithium films at 31 °C reveal the mean pressure lithium can support is strongly dependent on length scale and strain rate. At the smallest length scales (indentation depths of 40 nm), the mean pressure lithium can support increases from ∼23 to 175 MPa as the indentation strain rate increases from 0.195 to 1.364 s−1. Furthermore, these pressures are ∼46–350 times higher than the nominal yield strength of bulk polycrystalline lithium. The length scale and strain rate dependent hardness is rationalized using slightly modified forms of the Nabarro–Herring and Harper–Dorn creep mechanisms. Load–displacement curves suggest a stress and length-scale dependent transition from diffusion to dislocation-mediated flow. Collectively, these experimental observations shed significant new light on the mechanical behavior of lithium at the length scale of defects existing at the lithium/solid electrolyte interface.

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Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: eherbert@mtu.edu

Footnotes

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Corresponding Editor: Erik Herbert

This paper has been selected as an Invited Feature Paper.

Footnotes

References

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