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Nanoindentation of high-purity vapor deposited lithium films: A mechanistic rationalization of the transition from diffusion to dislocation-mediated flow

  • Erik G. Herbert (a1), Stephen A. Hackney (a1), Violet Thole (a1), Nancy J. Dudney (a2) and P. Sudharshan Phani (a3)...

Abstract

Nanoindentation experiments performed in high-purity vapor deposited lithium films at 31 °C reveal a strain rate and length scale dependence in the stress at which pop-in type events signal an abrupt transition from diffusion to dislocation-mediated flow. The stress level at which the transition to dislocation-mediated flow occurs varies with the strain rate and ranges from 88 to 208 times larger than the nominal yield strength of bulk, polycrystalline lithium. Variation in the indentation strain rate reveals the relationship between the stress required to initiate the transition and the length scale at which the transition occurs follows the power-law relation, hardness × depth1.17 = 1.545 N/m0.83, where the magnitude of the exponent and constant reflect the defect structure of the film. A rationalization of the transition is provided through direct comparisons between the measured cumulative distribution function (CDF) and the CDF hypothesized for the activation of a Frank–Read source.

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Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: eherbert@mtu.edu

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Corresponding Editor: Erik Herbert

This paper has been selected as an Invited Feature Paper.

Footnotes

References

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Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
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