A new semiempirical formula is developed for the hardness determination of the materials from depth sensing indentation tests. The indentation works measured both during loading and unloading periods are used in the evaluation. The values of the Meyer hardness calculated in this way agree well with those obtained by conventional optical observation, where this latter is possible. While the new hardness formula characterizes well the behavior of the conventional hardness number even for the ideally elastic material, the mean contact pressure generally used in hardness determination differs significantly from the conventional hardness number when the ideally elastic limiting case is being approached.
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