Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Origin and magnitude of the large piezoelectric response in the lead-free (1–x)BiFeO3xBaTiO3 solid solution

  • Serhiy O. Leontsev (a1) and Richard E. Eitel (a1)

Abstract

Mechanisms and magnitudes of the large piezoelectric response observed in lead-free (1–x)BiFeO3xBaTiO3 (BFBT) ceramics are investigated. Preceding studies reported significant strain hysteresis and hard ferroelectric behavior in BFBT leading to a small low-field piezoelectric coefficient, instability of the poled domain state, and rapid degradation of piezoelectric properties. The current investigation shows that under application of a suitable direct current (dc) bias to stabilize the ferroelectric phase low- and high-field piezoelectric coefficients (d33) of 150 pC/N and 250 pC/N are observed for the composition 0.67BiFeO3–0.33BaTiO3 + 0.1 wt% MnO with a Curie temperature of 605 °C. Such enhancement of electromechanical properties under dc bias is in contrast to the expected behavior in traditional piezoelectric materials such as soft lead zirconate titanate (PZT). The large piezoelectric coefficients confirm strong intrinsic and extrinsic contributions to the piezoelectric response in BFBT, which coupled with high ferroelectric Curie temperature TC > 500 °C, suggests BFBT-based materials as promising lead-free alternatives to PZT piezoceramics.

Copyright

Corresponding author

a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: leontsev@uky.edu

References

Hide All
1.Gray, R.B.: Transducer and method of making the same, in United States Patent Office (Erie Resistor Corporation, Erie, PA, 1949).
2.Roberts, S.: Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of barium titanate. Phys. Rev. 71, 890 (1947).
3.Catalan, G. and Scott, J.F.: Physics and application of bismuth ferrite. Adv. Mater. 21, 2463 (2009).
4.Jona, F. and Shirane, G.: Ferroelectric Crystals (Dover Publications Inc., New York, 1993).
5.Jaffe, H.: Piezoelectric ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 41, 494 (1958).
6.Wada, S., Takeda, K., Muraishi, T., Kakemoto, H., Tsurumi, T., and Kimura, T.: Domain wall engineering in lead-free piezoelectric grain-oriented ceramics. Ferroelectrics 373, 11 (2008).
7.Michel, C., Moreau, J.M., Achenbac, G.D., Gerson, R., and James, W.J.: Atomic structures of 2 rhombohedral ferroelectric phases in Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 solid solution series. Solid State Commun. 7, 865 (1969).
8.Wang, J., Neaton, J.B., Zheng, H., Nagarajan, V., Ogale, S.B., Liu, B., Viehland, D., Vaithyanathan, V., Schlom, D.G., Waghmare, U.V., Spaldin, N.A., Rabe, K.M., Wuttig, M., and Ramesh, R.: Epitaxial BiFeO3 multiferroic thin film heterostructures. Science 299, 1719 (2003).
9.Shvartsman, V.V., Kleemann, W., Haumont, R., and Kreisel, J.: Large bulk polarization and regular domain structure in ceramic BiFeO3. Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 172115 (2007).
10.Hill, N.A.: Why are there so few magnetic ferroelectrics? J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6694 (2000).
11.Kumar, M.M., Srinivas, A., and Suryanarayana, S.V.: Structure property relations in BiFeO3/BaTiO3 solid solutions. J. Appl. Phys. 87, 855 (2000).
12.Itoh, N., Shimura, T., Sakamoto, W., and Yogo, T.: Fabrication and characterization of BiFeO3–BaTiO3 ceramics by solid state reaction. Ferroelectrics 356, 311 (2007).
13.Horibe, Y., Nakayama, M., Hosokoshi, Y., Asaka, T., Matsui, Y., Asada, T., Koyama, Y., and Mori, S.: Microstructures associated with dielectric and magnetic properties in (1– x)BiFeO3xBaTiO3. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 7148 (2005).
14.Kitagawa, S., Ozaki, T., Horibe, Y., Yoshii, K., and Mori, S.: Ferroelectric domain structures in BiFeO3–BaTiO3. Ferroelectrics 376, 318 (2008).
15.Leontsev, S.O. and Eitel, R.E.: Dielectric and piezoelectric properties in Mn-modified (1– x)BiFeO3xBaTiO3 ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2957 (2009).
16.Yoneda, Y., Yoshii, K., Kohara, S., Kitagawa, S., and Mori, S.: Local structure of BiFeO3–BaTiO3 mixture. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 7590 (2008).
17.Damjanovic, D. and Demartin, M.: The Rayleigh law in piezoelectric ceramics. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 29, 2057 (1996).
18.Hall, D.A.: Review: Nonlinearity in piezoelectric ceramics. J. Mater. Sci. 36, 4575 (2001).
19.Eitel, R.E., Shrout, T.R., and Randall, C.A.: Nonlinear contributions to the dielectric permittivity and converse piezoelectric coefficient in piezoelectric ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 99, 124110 (2006).
20.Eitel, R.E. and Randall, C.A.: Octahedral tilt-suppression of ferroelectric domain wall dynamics and the associated piezoelectric activity in Pb(Zr, Ti)O3. Phys. Rev. B 75, 094106 (2007).
21.Damjanovic, D.: Stress and frequency dependence of the direct piezoelectric effect in ferroelectric ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1788 (1997).
22.IRE Standards on Piezoelectric Crystals: Measurements of piezoelectric ceramics. Proc. Inst. Radio Eng. 49, 1161 (1961).
23.Pramanick, A., Damjanovic, D., Nino, J.C., and Jones, J.L.: Subcoercive cyclic electrical loading of lead zirconate titanate ceramics. I: Nonlinearities and losses in the converse piezoelectric effect. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2291 (2009).
24.Dai, Y.J., Zhang, S.J., Shrout, T.R., and Zhang, X.W.: Piezoelectric and ferroelectric properties of Li-doped (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–(Bi0.5K0.5)TiO3–BaTiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 1108 (2010).
25.Hiruma, Y., Nagata, H., and Takenaka, T.: Depolarization temperature and piezoelectric properties of (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3–(Bi1/2Li1/2)TiO3–(Bi1/2K1/2)TiO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. Ceram. Int. 35, 117 (2009).
26.Shrout, T.R. and Zhang, S.J.: Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics: Alternatives for PZT? J. Electroceram. 19, 111 (2007).
27.Takenaka, T., Nagata, H., and Hiruma, Y.: Current developments and prospective of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 3787 (2008).
28.Berlincourt, D.A., Curran, D.R., and Jaffe, H.: Physical Acoustics: Principle and Methods, edited by Mason, W.P. (Academic Press, New York, 1964).
29.Zhang, S.J., Eitel, R.E., Randall, C.A., Shrout, T.R., and Alberta, E.F.: Manganese-modified BiScO3–PbTiO3 piezoelectric ceramic for high-temperature shear mode sensor. Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 262904 (2005).
30.Zhang, Q.M., Wang, H., Kim, N., and Cross, L.E.: Direct evaluation of domain-wall and intrinsic contributions to the dielectric and piezoelectric response and their temperature-dependence on lead-zirconate-titanate ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 75, 454 (1994).
31.Hollenstein, E., Davis, M., Damjanovic, D., and Setter, N.: Piezoelectric properties of Li- and Ta-modified (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 ceramics. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 182905 (2005).
32.Li, S.P., Bhalla, A.S., Newnham, R.E., and Cross, L.E.: Quantitative-evaluation of extrinsic contribution to piezoelectric coefficient d 33 in ferroelectric PZT ceramics. Mater. Lett. 17, 21 (1993).
33.Zhang, Q.M., Pan, W.Y., Jang, S.J., and Cross, L.E.: Domain-wall excitations and their contributions to the weak-signal response of doped lead zirconate titanate ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 64, 6445 (1988).
34.Perrin, V., Troccaz, M., and Gonnard, P.: Non-linear behavior of the permittivity and of the piezoelectric strain constant under high electric field drive. J. Electroceram. 4, 189 (2000).
35.Ozaki, T., Kitagawa, S., Nishihara, S., Hosokoshi, Y., Suzuki, M., Noguchi, Y., Miyayama, M., and Mori, S.: Ferroelectric properties and nano-scaled domain structures in (1– x)BiFeO3xBaTiO3 (0.33 < x < 0.50). Ferroelectrics 385, 155 (2009).
36.Zhang, S.T., Kounga, A.B., Aulbach, E., Ehrenberg, H., and Rodel, J.: Giant strain in lead-free piezoceramics Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–BaTiO3–K0.5Na0.5NbO3 system. Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 112906 (2007).
37.Zhang, S.T., Kounga, A.B., Aulbach, E., Jo, W., Granzow, T., Ehrenberg, H., and Rodel, J.: Lead-free piezoceramics with giant strain in the system Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3–BaTiO3–K0.5Na0.5NbO3. II. Temperature dependent properties. J. Appl. Phys. 103, 034108 (2008).
38.Scott, J.F.: Leading the way to lead-free. ChemPhysChem 11, 341 (2010).
39.Zeches, R.J., Rossell, M.D., Zhang, J.X., Hatt, A.J., He, Q., Yang, C.H., Kumar, A., Wang, C.H., Melville, A., Adamo, C., Sheng, G., Chu, Y.H., Ihlefeld, J.F., Erni, R., Ederer, C., Gopalan, V., Chen, L.Q., Schlom, D.G., Spaldin, N.A., Martin, L.W., and Ramesh, R.: A strain-driven morphotropic phase boundary in BiFeO3. Science 326, 977 (2009).
40.Akdogan, E.K., Kerman, K., Abazari, M., and Safari, A.: Origin of high piezoelectric activity in ferroelectric (K0.44Na0.52Li0.04)–(Nb0.84Ta0.1Sb0.06)O3 ceramics. Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 112908 (2008).

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed