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Standard Gibbs energy of formation of Pb2Ru2O6.5

  • K.T. Jacob (a1), V.S. Saji (a1) and Y. Waseda (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2011

Lead ruthenate is used as a bifunctional electrocatalyst for both oxygen evolution and reduction and as a conducting component in thick-film resistors. It also has potential applications in supercapacitors and solid oxide fuel cells. However, thermodynamic properties of the compound have not been reported in the literature. The standard Gibbs energy of formation has now been determined in the temperature range from 873 to 1123 K using a solid-state cell incorporating yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as the electrolyte, a mixture of PbO + Pb2Ru2O6.5 + Ru as the measuring electrode, and Ru + RuO2 as the reference. The design of the measuring electrode is based on a study of phase relations in the ternary system Pb–Ru–O at 1123 K. For the reaction,

the standard enthalpy of formation and standard entropy at 298.15 K are estimated from the high-temperature measurements. An oxygen potential diagram for the system Pb–Ru–O is composed based on data obtained in this study and auxiliary information from the literature

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13T. Akazawa , Y. Inaguma , T. Katsumata , K. Hiraki , and T. Takahashi : Flux growth and physical properties of pyrochlore Pb2Ru2O6.5 single crystals. J. Cryst. Growth 271, 445 (2004).

14M. Hrovat , S. Bernik , and D. Kolar : Phase equilibria in the RuO2–PbO–Al2O3 and RuO2–PbO–CuO systems. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 12, 1848 (1993).

15R.A. Beyerlein , H.S. Horowitz , J.M. Longo , M.E. Leonowicz , J.D. Jorgensen , and F.J. Rotella : Neutron diffraction investigation of ordered oxygen vacancies in the defect pyrochlores, Pb2Ru2O6.5 and PbTiNb2O6.5. J. Solid State Chem. 51, 253 (1984).

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