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Synthesis of Ni ferrite and Co ferrite rodlike particles by superposition of a constant magnetic field

  • Fernando Vereda (a1), Juan de Vicente (a1) and Roque Hidalgo-Álvarez (a1)

We report the fabrication of micron-sized rodlike particles of nonstoichiometric Co and Ni ferrites by aging coprecipitated Fe(OH)2 and M(OH)2—where M is either Ni or Co—at 90 °C in the presence of an external magnetic field (B ≈ 405 mT). Potassium nitrate was used as a mild oxidant. Resultant particles were analyzed by means of electron microscopy, x-ray powder diffraction (XRD), magnetometry, energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectrometry, and atomic absorption spectroscopy. Rodlike particles of both types of ferrite exhibited a relatively uniform thickness, an average aspect ratio close to 10, and have a spinel crystalline structure. EDX spectrometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy confirmed the incorporation of Ni2+ and Co2+ in the respective ferrite particles. The incorporation of Co2+ led to non-negligible remanence and coercivity. The incorporation of Ni2+ led to a lower saturation magnetization, whereas the remanence and coercivity of the Ni ferrite were very low, still typical of a soft ferrimagnetic material. The mechanism of formation of the rodlike particles was investigated by the time-dependent observation of growing Ni ferrite rods.

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