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Texture-engineered ceramics—Property enhancements through crystallographic tailoring

  • Gary L. Messing (a1), Stephen Poterala (a1), Yunfei Chang (a1), Tobias Frueh (a1), Elizabeth R. Kupp (a1), Beecher H. Watson (a1), Rebecca L. Walton (a1), Michael J. Brova (a1), Anna-Katharina Hofer (a2), Raul Bermejo (a2) and Richard J. Meyer (a3)...
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.

Abstract

Texture-engineered ceramics enable access to a vast array of novel texture-property relations leading to property values ranging between those of single crystals and isotropic bulk ceramics. Recently developed templated grain growth and magnetic alignment texturing methods yield high quality crystallographic texture, and thus significant advances in achievable texture-engineered properties in magnetic, piezoelectric, electronic, optical, thermoelectric, and structural ceramics. In this paper, we outline the fundamental basis for these texture-engineered properties and review recent contributions to the field of texture-engineered ceramics with an update on the properties of textured lead-free and lead-based piezoelectrics. We propose that further property improvements can be realized through development of processes that improve crystallographic alignment of the grain structure, create biaxial texture, and explore a wider array of crystallographic orientations. There is a critical need to model the physics of texture-engineered ceramics, and more comprehensively characterize texture, thus enabling testing of texture orientation-property relations and materials performance. We believe that in situ measurements of texture evolution can lead to a more fundamental and comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms of texture development.

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a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: messing@ems.psu.edu

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b)

This author was Editor in Chief during the review and decision stage. For the JMR policy on review and publication of manuscripts authored by editors, please refer to http://www.mrs.org/editor-manuscripts/.

Contributing Editor: Nahum Travitzky

This section of Journal of Materials Research is reserved for papers that are reviews of literature in a given area.

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