1Muralt P.: PZT thin films for microsensors and actuators, where do we stand? IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr. 47, 903 (2000).
2Schwartz R.W., Schneller T., and Waser R.: Chemical solution deposition of electronic oxide films. J.C.R. Chimie. 7, 433 (2004).
3Budd K.D., Dey S.K., and Payne D.A.: Sol-gel processing of PbTiO3, PbZrO3, PZT, and PLZT thin films. Brit. Ceram. Proc. 36, 107 (1985).
4Yi G. and Sayer M.: An acetic acid/water based sol-gel PZT process. J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 6, 65 (1996).
5Phillips N.J., Calzada M.L., and Milne S.J.: Diol-based sol-gel system for the production of thin films of PbTiO3 J. Mater. Chem. 1, 893 (1991).
6Tu Y.L. and Milne S.J.: Influence of sol synthesis conditions on the electrical properties of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 14, 885 (1995).
7Tu Y.L. and Milne S.J.: A study of process variables on the properties of PZT films produced by a single-layer sol-gel technique. J. Mater. Sci. 30, 2507 (1995).
8Sriprang N., Kaewchinda D., Kennedy J.D., and Milne S.J.: Processing and sol chemistry of a triol-based sol-gel route for preparing lead zirconate titanate thin films. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 1914 (2000).
9Etin A., Shter G.E., Reisner G.M., Baltianski S., and Grader G.S.: Controlled elemental depth profile in sol-gel derived PZT films. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89, 2387 (2006).
10Etin A., Shter G.E., Reisner G.M., and Grader G.S.: Interrelation of ferroelectricity, morphology and thickness in sol-gel derived PZT films. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2006, in press).
11Birnie D.P.: Rational solvent selection strategies to combat striation formation during spin coating of thin films. J. Mater. Res. 16, 1145 (2001).
12Wu A., Salvado I.M. Miranda, Vilarinho P.M., Baptista J.L., and Silvestre A.J.D.: Lead zirconate titanate stable stock solution: Characterization and applications. J. Sol-Gel. Sci. Technol. 19, 671 (2000).
13Calzada M.L., Sirera R., Carmona F., and Jimenez B.: Investigations of a diol-based sol-gel process for the preparation of lead titanate materials. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 1802 (1995).
14Livage J. and Sanchez C.: Sol-gel chemistry. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 145, 11 (1992).
15Kemmit T. and Daglish M.: Decomposition of coordinated acetylacetonate in lead zirconate titanate (PZT) precursor solutions. Inorg. Chem. 37, 2063 (1998).
16Colthup N.B., Daly L.H., and Wiberley S.E.: Introduction to Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy 3rd ed. (Academic Press, UK, 1990).
17Huang Y. and Chou K.: Studies on the spin coating process of silica films. Ceram. Int. 29, 485 (2003).
18Haas D.E. and Birnie D.P.: Evaluation of thermocapillary driving forces in the development of striations during the spin coating process. J. Mater. Sci. 37, 2109 (2002).
19Birnie D.P.: Combined flow and evaporation during spin coating of complex solutions. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 218, 174 (1997).
20Scriven L.E. and Sternling C.V.: Wine fingers. Nature 187, 186 (1960).
22Emslie A.G., Bonner F.T., and Peck L.G.: Flow of a viscous liquid on a rotating disk. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 858 (1958).