The command laid upon mankind to increase and multiply on earth has been gladly obeyed and abundantly fulfilled. In parts thereof the multiplication has sometimes gone beyond the means of subsistence, and the unoccupied parts suitable for human habitation become scarcer, though there are yet vast areas of undeveloped land in the South American Continent. Nevertheless the race continues to multiply without regard to the possible risk that it may one day outgrow its means of subsistence, increase of population and increase of trade being the ideals which it is thought right to pursue in order to maintain and increase the health, wealth, and prosperity of the nation in particular and of the race in general. The more babies that are born and reared in a country, the more bargains that are made in it, the more wants and their gratifications are multiplied, the sounder is its strength and the brighter its future outlook, although it is not unimaginable that fewer children, fewer wants, fewer bargains might sometimes produce more health, more virtue, more progress, more stability. That, however, is an unbecoming suspicion to harbour, for it is unworthy the trust which it behoves a right-thinking mind to put in the providential scheme of the universe and its benevolent workings for human ends. Impotent to comprehend the mystery of things, foolish to expect it, fatuous to bewail his inability to get behind the veil, which would be to get absolutely out of his relative self, man is yet sure that the universe was created and works for his advantage and perfecting, and in that happy faith counts an unlimited procreation in gratification of a natural lust his proper and pleasing duty. The instinct of human nature dictates it, therefore the laws of universal nature were framed to sanctify it.